What is Hostile Vehicle Mitigation

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Hostile Vehicle Mitigation

Vehicle-borne threats range from vandalism to sophisticated or aggressive attack by determined criminals or terrorists or simply a mentally unstable individual losing control. The mobility and payload capacity of a vehicle offers a convenient delivery mechanism for a large explosive device, although the vehicle itself may be used as a weapon. Determining a vehicle-borne threat, assessing site strengths and vulnerabilities, and identifying suitable options for Hostile Vehicle Mitigation (HVM) measures is simply sensible planning.

Determining the type of vehicle-borne threat being faced

When specifying the nature of the vehicle-borne threat it is important to understand:

  • Modus Operandi (MO).  This includes parked, penetrative, encroachment, deception and duress or a combination of attack methods including surreptitious and forcible attack on the barrier, or simply opportunistic and unplanned chaos
  • Threat vehicle(s) – Unmodified road vehicles with specific characteristics – mass, speed and structure, as well as vehicle specific capabilities

For explosive situations:

  • Blast effect – especially if considering VBIED attack
  • Blast stand-off distance – must be considered in conjunction with the site operational needs and security plan

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How to assess the strengths and vulnerabilities of my site to vehicle-borne threats?

Once the nature of threat is understood, practitioners should take a methodical and considered approach to determine their safety objectives and highlight security vulnerabilities:

  • Develop detailed security requirements for Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – Operational Requirements (OR)
  • User Requirement Document (URD) if not covered in the detailed requirements – addressing additional business needs e.g. stakeholder liaison, planning and design
  • Practical site assessment – a layered approach incorporating the local area, blast stand-off, traffic management and vehicle access control
  • Technical assessment –  Vehicle Dynamics Assessment (VDA) at specific locations based on the relevant threat vehicle(s)
  • Liaison with technical or security

How can I reduce the vulnerability of my site and mitigate vehicle-borne threats?

Based on the agreed objectives and site assessment, a range of options can be incorporated into the design of a robust HVM strategy:

  • Principles of hostile vehicle mitigation – determine the aims of the HVM strategy and how it will integrate with other site security measures
  • Traffic calming – can be used to limit vehicle approach speeds to a manageable level
  • Vehicle Security Barriers (VSB) –  provide proven vehicle impact protection and maintain blast stand-off.
  • Traffic management – when and how legitimate traffic will access the site
  • Vehicle access control – consider deployment of active Vehicle Security Barriers solutions, access procedures, long term operational management and emergency access

Public realm integration

Integration of HVM measures within the public realm is increasingly common and whilst requiring the application of informed design choices meeting the needs of numerous stakeholders, can provide proportionate security measures without impinging on the needs of local businesses or functionality

Source: https://www.cpni.gov.uk/hostile-vehicle-mitigation

One of the best options is the Meridian Defence Group’s specially designed Crash Barriers.

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AML Risk Management are the Australian providers of the Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barriers – the Archer 1200 system. The Archer 1200 system has been deployed here in Melbourne at the South Melbourne Market for the Mussels and Jazz Festival, as well as at several Anzac Day Commemoration events. These events attracted large pedestrian crowds. The Archer 1200 units provide real protection from hostile vehicles. A vehicle weighing 1.5 tonnes travelling at 30mph is stopped instantly and effectively by these barriers.

The Archer 1200 units can be easily deployed by one or two persons as well as demounted in the same manner.

With significant crowds gathering in places not specifically designed for crowd movement there is real need to protect such people from hostile vehicles.

To arrange a free no-obligation quotation or simply to facilitate an informational consultation please call 9326 2244 and ask for M/s Emerald Forrest, Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Supervisor or her colleague M/s Irene Rentifis. Emerald can provide an accurate assessment and analysis of your event’s exposure to hostile vehicle intrusion and recommend strategies to protect your event and its patrons.

AML Risk Management – for real Planning, Protection and Prevention.

 

The Risk of Hostile Vehicle Attacks on Melbourne’s Major Sporting Events.

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Melbourne is recognised as the ‘Sporting Capital’ of Australia. its reputation is that of a sports mad population. Major events such as the AFL Final series, the Spring Racing Carnival and the Australian Tennis Open draw huge crowds of up to and over 100,000 people per day regularly. Add to these events such as the International Rugby, State of Origin Rugby League, Boxing Day Test Cricket, Day/night and Big Bash Cricket, there are continual events over Spring and Summer attracting huge crowds. With the pre-event parades included, such as the Grand Final Parade and Melbourne Cup Parade, and there are staggering numbers of people ‘on the streets’ connected with major Sporting Events.

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Sporting Events have previously been targeted in both Europe and the USA by militant terrorist groups. Both al Queda’s propaganda publication – Inspire, and the IS online magazine ‘Rumiyah’ suggest and recommend attacks on major sporting events.

The al Queda publication’s call to action (released four years ago) called for bombing attacks against targets such as the US Tennis Open, the UK FA Cup, the English Premiere League and the League Cup in France.

In a more sinister move, more recently the Islamic State’s magazine ‘Rumiyah’ called for Truck and Knife attacks on events where crowds gather.

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Quite simply, Australian sporting events represent very soft targets. In Europe, these events are heavily guarded by armed police and security forces. Heavily armed police with exposed ‘carried’ automatic weapons in substantial numbers protect such events. Obviously this is based on both previous assaults and recent intelligence.

As of August 2017 over 600 people world-wide had been killed or injured by vehicle rammings. It is time to recognise Australia is not immune.

For anyone who has attended a major Sporting Event in Melbourne, the vulnerability is obvious. At Caulfield Racecourse on Cup Day there are roadside crowds of up to 2-3000 people prior to the gates opening. At the MCG the roadway around the ground and entrances hold up to 10,000 people just prior to major games. The Australian Tennis Open Tournament regularly sees similar crowds roadside prior to major matches.

There are police in attendance and there are concrete bollards and water filled barriers in place. But the reality is that these will provide little protection in the event of a concerted, well planned vehicle attack.

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Water filled barriers and concrete bollards are easily pushed aside. Police are armed with sidearm weapons. There needs to be a far stronger and more practical barrier to such types of attack.

The Meridian Defence Group’s Archer 1200 Crash Barrier system is designed for precisely this purpose. The unit has been thoroughly tested to the most rigorous safety standards in both Europe and in North America. A vehicle of 1.5 tonne will be completely stopped by this unit when travelling at a speed of 50km/h. The units are portable, requiring either one or two persons to deploy and demount. The Archer 1200 has been successfully used in fields of war (Kandahar Airport in Afghanistan) and around fuel depots and refineries in the US.

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Here it has been successfully deployed at venues such as the South Melbourne Market (The Mussels and Jazz Festival) and at Anzac Day ceremonies this year.

For further information on the Meridian Barriers please click here

For a free no-obligation consultation and quotation please call 9326 2244 and speak with M/s Emerald Forrest, AML Risk Management’s Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Systems Co-ordinator or her associate M/s Irene Rentifis.

The Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barrier Systems are available exclusively through AML Risk Management here in Australia.

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Ensure your next major sporting event provides real protection for patrons attending. Create a genuine hard perimeter that is planned, prevents vehicle intrusions and protects all venue participants.

AML Risk Management – Planning, Prevention and Protection

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation is a must for all street Festivals in Melbourne

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Each year in Melbourne – in fact all capital cities in Australia – Street Festivals are held in inner city locations attracting very large crowds. Melbourne plays host to an abundance of festivals varying from religious celebrations and street parties to Gay Pride marches. Such events attract crowds in their thousands, and require security measures to ensure the event attendees are safe from vehicle access by dangerous vehicles.

Events and Festivals of this stature often use pedestrian malls or similar locations to present stall holders with food, produce and other interesting goods. The streets are closed off but not necessarily effectively. A determined person in a vehicle can easily gain access in many cases.

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Permanent electric retractable bollards and other fixtures alike may have proven to be a solution for vehicle mitigation needs, but how do we rationalise the purchase and installation of such equipment for short-term annual events and street festivals? It simply can’t be done. Temporary solutions such as water-filled barriers and concrete blocks are available, but remain unadaptable in the event of an emergency or changing conditions. With upwards of 10,000 people filling these events, there is a requirement for a more practical portable barrier.

With its rapid deployment and removal, and adaptable configurations, Meridians Archer 1200 Barrier System is the solution we’ve been waiting for. Further information can be found on our website.

 

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Want to know more? Ready to order? Call now on 03 9326 2244 or leave your details here and book a consultation with one of our experienced Safety and Security consultants.

cropped-profile-pic.pngAML Risk Management and Meridian Vehicle Mitigation – together. Planning means Real prevention and Real Protection. AML Risk Management – for effective Hostile Vehicle Mitigation strategies and equipment. The effective solution.

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation. What constitutes a Hostile Vehicle?

 

meridian-crash-barriers-3The answer is simple. Any vehicle being driven in such a way to cause death or injury to others – deliberately – can be deemed a hostile vehicle.

Where Hostile Vehicle Mitigation strategies come into play are in the areas where large groups of people gather – pedestrian malls, events, protests, seasonal shopping crowds.

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation can be of a permanent nature – bollards, both fixed and hydraulic or temporary – Crash Barrier systems installed prior to events, gatherings and large crowds, removed after such events.

The Meridian Archer 1200 portable Vehicle Mitigation Barriers is one such system. In Australia AML Risk Management deploy this system and ensure crowd safety. This year the system has been used effectively at the South Melbourne Market Mussel and Jazz Festival which blocked off Cecil St between Coventry St and York St for 2 days on the 10th and 11th of March.

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The units are placed prior to the event and can effectively stop a vehicle of 1.5 tonnes travelling at 48km/h.

The need for such systems was demonstrated last week in Indonesia where Motorcycles and Scooters breached church entrances and Police Station entrances carrying suicide bombers. There was an appalling loss of life.

So certainly there are concerns with regard to ISIS terrorists, in Australia, but this is a much bigger concern in Indonesia where radicals have based themselves for decades.

Here events like Anzac Day Ceremonies have been targeted by radicalised youths but not affected as yet. This year AML positioned the Archer 1200 Portable Vehicle Mitigation systems at Anzac Ceremonies in Victoria as a precaution.

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The real tragedies that have occurred here in Melbourne have all been predicated by mentally disturbed perpetrators. That being said, it is certainly wise to ensure the safety of any public gathering, sports event or street festival with a sensible well devised Hostile Vehicle Mitigation plan.

AML Risk Management are well positioned to provide a full consultancy and implementation of such a program for any interested parties.

Meridian Rapid Defense Group           Anti-Vehicle Barriers

Call now on 03 9326 2244 and book an appointment for further information or leave your details here and one of our operatives can assist you in developing an effective plan to ensure the safety of your event.

Remember with AML Risk Management proper Planning Prevents and Protects.

AML Risk Management – First in Hostile Vehicle Mitigation

AML Risk Management and Meridian – Providing Hostile Vehicle Barriers for large public events.

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The following is a press release from the USA. It features both AML Risk Management and our partner Meridian Rapid Defence Group. AML Risk Management is now deploying Meridian Hostile Vehicle Mitigation systems (Crash Barriers) here in Victoria. Easy to install and dismantle – the systems have been tested to stop vehicles travelling at 50km/h dead in their tracks.

For Street Festivals, Sporting Events, Food Festivals, Street Markets or major demonstrations, the Meridian Crash Barriers – Vehicle Mitigation systems, provide real surety, safety, protection and prevention from hostile vehicles. Call AML Risk Management now on 03 9326 2244 for further information, or leave your details here for a prompt response.

MERIDIAN EXPANDS HOSTILE VEHICLE BARRIER BUSINESS TO SERVE RENTAL DEMANDS IN AUSTRALIA

Certified Archer 1200 Portable Vehicle Barrier

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Meets International Guidelines for Best-In-Class Protection

Melbourne, Victoria (April 27, 2018) – Worldwide demand for immediate vehicle mitigation has opened up a new market in major cities across Australia. Meridian Rapid Defense Group (Meridian) has partnered with AML Risk Management Pyt Ltd (AML) to offer the first US DOD and PAS 68 portable vehicle barriers on a rental basis. Recent deployments include the South Melbourne Market Mussel and Jazz Festival (March 10-11) and the ANZAC Day Dawn Service in Torquay attended by an estimated 5,000 on April 25th.

The Archer 1200 barrier design combines certified stopping power with the ease of deployment required to service ad hoc outdoor events where large crowds are at risk from hostile vehicle engagement. Communities can pro-actively address security needs via equipment rental without the often-lengthy process for city or government purchase programs.

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“The need is now,” says AML Managing Director Andrew Duffy. “Every weekend in cities across Australia, people are out enjoying concerts, shopping, markets – the Archer 1200s can be positioned in minutes to provide a protective barrier between pedestrians and danger.”

The South Melbourne Market event is a typical situation where roadways are closed down to make way for street festivals filled with pedestrians. Large crowds near active roadways can be targeted by car ramming terrorists. Often times, the only protections are aluminum fencing and safety cones. Communities are often slow to address the risk.

The recent tragedy in Toronto demonstrates that attacks are happening in cities outside of London, Paris and New York. “It is a sad reality that the threat is real and growing,” adds Duffy. “Communities are struggling with how to deal it. Being able to rent these barriers gives cities a way to act now – without lengthy planning and budget processes.”

The Archer 1200 portable barrier is in use globally by military, police and major sports venues including the Melbourne & Olympic Parks. Other deployments include Kandahar Airfield, Pasadena’s Rose Bowl Stadium and the upscale, open-air malls of the Caruso Group.

“We are about keeping people, places and communities safer,” says Meridian CEO Peter Whitford. “We want to get these barriers out in the field so they can do their jobs. Expanding to rental allows us to help events – large and small – on virtually a moment’s notice.”

The Archer 1200 has an additional feature which makes it particularly suited to public events. Barrier units are spaced about a meter apart and connected with steel Arrestor CablesTM. The set up prevents vehicle breach yet allows free flow of pedestrians and quick access for emergency vehicles.

“There are so many factors that have to go into providing a secure location,” adds Whitford. “You need to nail perimeter safety, but you can cause even more problems if you create a fortress atmosphere.” Whitford cites the case of the recent Las Vegas shooting where high fencing prevented evacuations and access to wounded by first responders. Portable, modular barriers allow security teams to design highly flexible plans that can adapt to changing situations. In addition, the barriers balance the mix of showing strength while maintaining an aesthetic appeal.

For more information about Archer 1200 barrier rentals, contact AML at events@amlrisk.com.au or Meridian at info@betterbarriers.com.

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About Meridian Rapid Defense Group

Meridian is headquartered in Pasadena, California and operates in the U.S., Europe, Asia and Australia as perimeter security specialists. Meridian develops anti-vehicle barrier systems that are engineered for speed of deployment. The flexibility of the system allows tactical or military forces to quickly secure politically, economically or environmentally important sites for short and long durations. Their product line is focused on anchored and unanchored portable vehicle mitigation barriers as well as the supporting elements that ensure a fast and effective deployment.

http://www.betterbarriers.com

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About AML Risk Management Ptd Lty

AML Risk Management is a licensed and experienced Security Firm which operates at an industry leading standard. Our experienced team of trained professionals strive to complete every task to the satisfaction of the client. Part of our goal is to maintain the flexibility to cater for the unique security needs of any event at any capacity. This is achieved through the diverse range of services we offer, from basic crowd control and asset protection, through to our Emergency Response and Emergency Management Teams. We also have a highly skilled Asset Protection Unit who are qualified to operate and carry out Trace Detection.

http://www.amlriskmanagement.com.au

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – The Real Issue is Protection

The Australian Government has created guidelines for organisations, Councils and other entities with a vested interest in preventing Hostile Vehicle Attacks. AML Risk Management is a forerunner in presenting Hostile Vehicle Mitigation practices. It utilises the Meridian Crash Barrier systems and has provided fast turnaround deployment and installation in key locations to date.

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The Federal Government through its National Security website provides the following analysis. This week we publish Section 1 so that people may aquire a better more fulsome understanding of the risks involved.

Key hot spots

Commercial hubs, shopping centres, special events, stadiums, hotels, CBDs

About this publication – When and where vehicles collide with pedestrians

Protecting people in crowded places requires attention to the vehicle management, urban design and architectural features of a space. This document addresses the ways in which vehicles are being used as weapons to harm people in public spaces, and how these threats can be mitigated.

Section 1 defines hostile vehicles and the nature of the threats they may pose to people in crowded places.

Section 2 provides guidelines on how to prevent hostile vehicles from injuring people. It provides examples of physical barriers and traffic management solutions to prevent hostile vehicles entering crowded places.

The Conclusion outlines the advantages of early implementation in relation to cost and overall protection when designing an effective mitigation strategy, and provides contact details for further information.

1.01 Threat Context

What is the threat context?

The use of a vehicle as a weapon in a terrorist attack is not new. For some time, this tactic has been considered and used by violent extremists – including in Western countries.

Recent terrorist incidents and violent extremist propaganda demonstrate that hostile vehicle attacks continue to be of interest to violent extremists globally.

Attacks of this nature require minimal capability, but can have a devastating impact if targeted towards crowded places.

The terrorist attack on the Bastille Day parade in Nice in July 2016 and subsequent vehicle attacks in Germany and the United Kingdom have attracted global attention. Terrorist propaganda has glorified these attacks, including the methods and tactics used, and called for emulation around the
world.

The potential for hostile vehicle attacks is not limited to Islamist extremists – any violence-prone group or individual could use a vehicle as a weapon should it suit their objectives.

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1.02 Hostile Vehicles

What is a hostile vehicle?

A hostile vehicle is generally one whose driver is determined to access a restricted or unauthorised area or location in order to cause injury/death to people, disrupt business or effect publicity for a cause. A hostile vehicle may be used to carry an explosive device or the vehicle itself, travelling at speed, may present the primary danger.

The most likely targets of hostile vehicles are spaces occupied by a critical mass of people at a particular time, where the aim of an attack is to cause death/injury to large numbers of people.

The driver of a hostile vehicle may not necessarily obey traffic road rules. There is an inherent danger in not taking this into account when conducting a site assessment. All too often, security measures have been installed under the assumption that a vehicle will not, for example, travel the wrong way down a one-way street.

This document focuses on preventing vehicular access to crowded places to help mitigate the risk of a terrorist attack. The suggested counter-measures may also be valuable in other situations, such as protecting pedestrians on footpaths from dangerous or drunk drivers.

The methods of hostile vehicle attack may include:

  • Parked (containing material to cause harm ie explosives)
  • Encroachment;oExploiting gaps in site defences (no impact)
    – Tailgating through an active barrier system; and
    – Tampering with vehicle barriers to later provide unlawful access.
  • Penetrative Impact (ramming people & structures)
  • Entry by deception to access restricted areas (trojan vehicle)
  • Duress (against a security guard or employee to open a barrier)

1.03 Hostile Vehicle Mitigation

What is a crowded place?

Crowded places are locations or environments which are easily accessible by large numbers of people on a predictable basis. Crowded places include, but are not limited to, sports stadia, transport hubs, shopping centres, hotels, clubs, places of worship, tourist attractions, movie theatres, and civic spaces. Crowded places do not have to be buildings and can include open spaces such as parks and pedestrian malls. A crowded place will not necessarily be crowded at all times: crowd densities may vary between day and night, by season, and may be temporary, as in the case
of sporting events, open air festivals, or one-off events.

Security should be proportionate to threat

Security measures can be resource intensive, costly and, if not correctly managed and communicated, can alienate staff and the public and significantly disrupt the day -to-day operations of a crowded place. This is why expert specialist advice is essential and why careful consideration and planning is required before implementing any protective security measures.

It is important to take a holistic approach to security consistent with the foreseeable risks to your venue or asset. Applying security measures to counter the vehicle risk in isolation can inadvertently create a vulnerability to another risk, such as crowd crush.

Understanding the hostile vehicle risk is crucial to ensure your security measures are not over or under engineered.

Source: https://www.nationalsecurity.gov.au/Media-and-publications/Publications/Documents/hostile-vehicle-guidelines-crowded-places.pdf

Next week we will republish Section 2: ‘How to separate hostile vehicles from Pedestrians – Hot Spots’, such as Outdoor Markets, Parades, Festivals and Sporting Events.

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We will then discuss the deployment of the Meridian Crash Barriers and just how effective these units really are

Til next week remember Planning, Prevention and Protection.

Be safe, be sure with AML Risk Management.

Permanent Bollards – How They Really Work

At AML Risk Management we are aware of a wide range of professional Bollards and Crash Barriers.

Today we feature another well engineered product from the UK. The concrete blocks laid out in all Australian Capital Cities are not truly Bollards. As Crocodile Dundee would say ‘This is a Bollard!’

There really is no reason why City Councils in Australian cities do not install permanent effective hydraulic and mechanical bollards. The equation on cost is simply not applicable when one looks at the carnage that occurred on Bourke St in Melbourne, January 2017.

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Regular and approved users of restricted pedestrian areas, such as trams, buses, some delivery vehicles and emergency vehicles can be fitted with sensors which lower then raise the bollards after the vehicle passes. These have been in operation, in cities such as Manchester, for some time in the UK.

The real issue is where ‘temporary crowds’ gather in places not equipped to manage vehicles or pedestrian traffic effectively. This can include sporting events, concerts, outdoor entertainment, marathon runs, race meetings and a number of other specific occasions where large crowds gather and frankly become potential targets.

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AML Risk Management have access to and provide a very effective range of crash barriers and vehicle mitigation devices. The Meridian Crash Barrier range is a portable range of crash barriers with proven capacity. The barriers can be easily deployed by either two or one persons.

Click here to view our previous blog where the units are fully explained via video. The Meridian Barriers have been widely used in the USA, at Port Facilities and Oil Refineries as well as in theatres of war such as Afghanistan (Kandahar Airport) and other places.

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AML Risk Management are both trained and proficient in providing the right protective strategy for specific events and locations and provide sensible, cost effective prevention and protective services.

Call now on 03 9326 2244 to enquire further on Crash Barriers or other service provision. Or leave your details here on our website and one of our friendly staff will contact you ASAP.

AML Risk Management – Planning, Protection, Prevention