Fun Runs – It’s Time to be Vigilant.

Melbourne is famous for its Fun Runs and Marathons. Fun Runs are somewhat different in that they attract people of all ages and all capabilities with very large crowds gathering at the beginning and end of the runs, often with many thousands of people running. This year already we have seen a number of runs and between now and Christmas there are another 8 runs planned for inner city locations – from St Kilda to the Albert Park Lake Reserve, Alexander Gardens and the Tan Track, the MCG and Flemington Racecourse.

Starting+line.JPG

As well as these events, there are many events scheduled for rural and provincial areas and cities. The full schedule is available at http://www.runcalendar.com.au

Such events create temporary crowds of large numbers. It is timely to consider the possibility of Hostile Vehicle intrusions. Perhaps the Boston Marathon is a good example of how such events can be targeted. Hostile Vehicle attacks are on the rise. In Australia those that have occurred are random and generally carried out by mentally unstable persons.

a

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation is an item likely to be high on the various event’s organisers agendas. With thousands of people participating and crowding at the start and finish lines, it is good to be mindful of potential risks.

One of the best options is the Meridian Defence Group’s specially designed Crash Barriers.

img-1

AML Risk Management are the Australian providers of the Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barriers – the Archer 1200 system. The Archer 1200 system has been deployed here in Melbourne at the South Melbourne Market for the Mussels and Jazz Festival, as well as at several Anzac Day Commemoration events. These events attracted large pedestrian crowds. The Archer 1200 units provide real protection from hostile vehicles. A vehicle weighing 1.5 tonnes travelling at 30mph is stopped instantly and effectively by these barriers.

The Archer 1200 units can be easily deployed by one or two persons as well as demounted in the same manner.

Untitled

With significant crowds gathering in places not specifically designed for crowd movement there is real need to protect such people from hostile vehicles.

To arrange a free no-obligation quotation or simply to facilitate an informational consultation please call 9326 2244 and ask for M/s Emerald Forrest, Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Supervisor or her colleague M/s Irene Rentifis. Emerald can provide an accurate assessment and analysis of your event’s exposure to hostile vehicle intrusion and recommend strategies to protect your event and its patrons.

AML Risk Management – for real Planning, Protection and Prevention.

Hostile Vehicle Attacks in the Northern Hemisphere

Many people have commented on Terrorist Attacks here on this page when mention of Hostile Vehicle Attacks is made. Simplistic responses such as the banning of ethnic or religious minorities, closing down immigration and punitive methodologies against those wearing religious garb have all been canvassed.

Untitled

Put simply none of these measures will prevent a hostile vehicle from causing Death or Injury. Active insurgents simply do not play by the rules. They do not announce their intentions or telegraph their beliefs. Quite simply they carry out their intended actions causing mass chaos, injury and destruction with absolutely no forward warning. The only thing that can effectively prevent such actions is a solid, well tested Hostile Vehicle Mitigation System – such as the Meridian Rapid Defence Group’s Archer 1200 Barriers. In Australia these units are available exclusively through AML Risk Management.

Take a look here at the relevant history of Hostile Vehicle Attacks in the Northern Hemisphere. There is a distinct pattern and it is evident that this is dependent on the physical accessibility of Europe and European cities to the Middle Eastern War Zones. The US and Canada are also high level targets. Australia is far more difficult for these groups but as recent events in Sydney with regard to Aviation prove – not impossible.

Terrorist Attacks by Vehicle Fast Facts

170407112858-15-sweden-truck-attack-0407-exlarge-169

Police evacuate Stockholm Central Train Station after a truck crashed into a department store injuring several people in Stockholm, Sweden, Friday April 7, 2017.

Editors Note: This is a selective list which only includes attacks involving civilians.

(CNN) Here is some background information on terror attacks involving vehicles used as deadly weapons by radicalized individuals or terror groups.

Facts:

Al Qaeda’s Yemeni branch encouraged its Western recruits to use trucks as weapons. A 2010 webzine article, “The Ultimate Mowing Machine,” called for deploying a pickup truck as a “mowing machine, not to mow grass but mow down the enemies of Allah.”

In September 2014, ISIS spokesman Abu Mohammad al-Adnani called for lone wolf attacks using improvised weaponry, “If you are not able to find an IED or a bullet, then single out the disbelieving American, Frenchman or any of their allies. Smash his head with a rock or slaughter him with a knife or run him over with your car or throw him down from a high place or choke him or poison him.”

Timeline:

March 3, 2006 – Mohammed Taheri-azar, an Iranian-American, drives an SUV into an area crowded with students at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Nine people sustain minor injuries during the attack, which Teheri-azar later says is retribution for the killing of Muslims overseas. He is convicted of attempted murder in 2008 and is sentenced to 33 years in prison.

October 22, 2014 – A three-month old girl and an Ecuadorian tourist are killed when a driver swerves into a crowd at a light rail station in Jerusalem. The driver, Abdel Rahman al-Shaludi is shot and killed by police. Israeli media reported he published militant writing on Facebook and supported Hamas, a fundamentalist Islamic group that has conducted attacks in Gaza and the West Bank, but his family denied he supported Hamas or any terror organization.

ap_16197146957937_custom-1c49a184a5d46bf11c4373a1b48a36cfe8ee5b7e-s900-c85-2

July 14, 2016 – After a Bastille Day fireworks display in Nice, France, a man drives a 20-ton rental truck into the crowd, striking and killing 86 people. The attacker, Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel, 31, a Tunisian national, drives nearly a mile on the beachfront promenade before he is shot and killed by authorities. French officials say Bouhlel seemed to become radicalized “very quickly” by ISIS propaganda before the attack. He also suffered from mental illness, according to his father.

November 28, 2016 – At Ohio State University, 11 people are injured when a student, Abdul Razak Ali Artan, 18, carries out a car and knife attack. A campus police officer shoots and kills Artan, whom police believe was inspired by ISIS and the radical cleric, Anwar al-Awlaki.

December 19, 2016 – A Tunisian man drives a tractor trailer into a Christmas market in Berlin, killing 12 people. In the wake of the attack, authorities conduct a manhunt for Anis Amri, 24, throughout Europe. He is shot and killed by police in Milan, Italy, four days after the attack. Hours after Amri dies, ISIS releases a video of him pledging allegiance to the terrorist group.

March 22, 2017 – A man drives an SUV into a crowd on the sidewalk along the Westminster Bridge in London, killing at least four. After ramming the car into a barrier outside the House of Parliament, the driver exits the vehicle and stabs a police officer to death. The attacker is then gunned down by a police officer. The assailant, Khalid Masood, 52, of West Midlands, reportedly had a criminal record and may have had connections to violent extremism, British Prime Minister Theresa May says.

April 7, 2017 – Four people are killed, when a truck drives into pedestrians on a busy street in the center of Stockholm, Sweden, before crashing into a department store. A fifth victim dies from her injuries three weeks later. The attacker, Rakhmat Akilov, a 39-year-old from Uzbekistan, admitted to carrying out a “terrorist crime,” his lawyer says. Akilov is later sentenced to life in prison.

June 3, 2017 – Eight people are killed in two terror attacks in central London before police shoot three suspects dead, the Metropolitan police say. The violence begins when a van swerves into throngs of pedestrians on London Bridge. The suspects then jump out the van and proceed on foot to nearby Borough Market, a popular nightlife spot, where witnesses say they produce knives and slash indiscriminately at people in restaurants and bars. At least 48 people are taken to hospitals, according to the London Ambulance Service.

June 19, 2017 – Just after midnight, a van plows into a group of pedestrians who had attended late-night prayers at London’s Finsbury Park Mosque, killing one man and injuring 11 people. The driver is arrested at the scene for attempted murder and further held on suspicion of terrorism offenses. The suspect is later identified as Darren Osborne, 47, a resident of Cardiff in Wales, according to multiple UK media outlets. Osborne is later sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 43 years.

August 16-18, 2017 – At least 13 people are killed and about 100 are injured on August 17th after a van plows through a crowd of people in a popular tourist district in Barcelona, Spain. Two suspects are arrested, but the driver gets away, according to police. ISIS’ media wing, Amaq, issues a statement claiming responsibility, saying that the attackers are “soldiers of the Islamic State.” On August 18th, in Cambrils, a coastal city around 100 kilometers from Barcelona, five attackers drive an Audi A3 into several pedestrians, killing one. The attackers are shot and killed by police. A house explosion on August 16th, in Alcanar, south of Barcelona, is also believed to be connected to the attacks.

d86d9e01f84d69214eaa2dbe404a35c0b9431467

September 30-October 1, 2017 – On September 30 in Edmonton, Canada, a man purposely strikes a police officer with a white Chevrolet Malibu before jumping out of the vehicle, stabbing the officer several times with a knife and fleeing on foot. There is an ISIS flag in the car, which is later seized as evidence. Just before midnight that same day, a police officer stops a U-Haul truck at a checkpoint and recognizes the driver’s name as similar to that of the Chevrolet’s registered owner. The U-Haul truck then speeds off towards downtown Edmonton. During the chase, the truck deliberately attempts to hit pedestrians in crosswalks and alleys, injuring at least four pedestrians. Abdulahi Hasan Sharif, 30, a Somali refugee, is later charged with five counts of attempted murder, dangerous driving, criminal flight causing bodily harm and possession of a weapon for a dangerous purpose.

October 31, 2017 – Eight people are killed and almost a dozen injured when a 29-year-old man in a rented pickup truck drives down a busy bicycle path near the World Trade Center in New York. The captured suspect has been identified as Sayfullo Habibullaevic Saipov. Authorities found a note near the truck used in the incident, claiming the attack was made in the name of ISIS, a senior law enforcement official said.

Source: cnn.com

In Australia it has been mentally unstable individuals who have caused damage, loss of life and injury. It is immaterial as to why someone acts so, the real issue is prevention and the protection of human life.

The Meridian Archer 1200 system is adaptable to many informal and casual street gatherings and large temporary crowds. Read about it here.

meridian-crash-barriers-3

It is portable, yet effective and can be deployed by one or two people.

Call now on 03 9326 2244 and ask for Emerald Forrest, our hostile vehicle Mitigation Services Coordinator, for a free no-obligation consultation. or leave your details here and one of our operatives will get back to you promptly.

Choose AML Risk Management and the Meridian Rapid Defence Group’s Archer 1200.

Planning, Protection, Prevention. It’s the AML Risk Management program. Strategise to Protect and Prevent.

 

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation is a must for all street Festivals in Melbourne

2107_MFWF_River_Graze_Photography_Credit_Georgia_Haynes_2-low-res

Each year in Melbourne – in fact all capital cities in Australia – Street Festivals are held in inner city locations attracting very large crowds. Melbourne plays host to an abundance of festivals varying from religious celebrations and street parties to Gay Pride marches. Such events attract crowds in their thousands, and require security measures to ensure the event attendees are safe from vehicle access by dangerous vehicles.

Events and Festivals of this stature often use pedestrian malls or similar locations to present stall holders with food, produce and other interesting goods. The streets are closed off but not necessarily effectively. A determined person in a vehicle can easily gain access in many cases.

meridian-crash-barriers-2

Permanent electric retractable bollards and other fixtures alike may have proven to be a solution for vehicle mitigation needs, but how do we rationalise the purchase and installation of such equipment for short-term annual events and street festivals? It simply can’t be done. Temporary solutions such as water-filled barriers and concrete blocks are available, but remain unadaptable in the event of an emergency or changing conditions. With upwards of 10,000 people filling these events, there is a requirement for a more practical portable barrier.

With its rapid deployment and removal, and adaptable configurations, Meridians Archer 1200 Barrier System is the solution we’ve been waiting for. Further information can be found on our website.

 

IMG_2853-

Want to know more? Ready to order? Call now on 03 9326 2244 or leave your details here and book a consultation with one of our experienced Safety and Security consultants.

cropped-profile-pic.pngAML Risk Management and Meridian Vehicle Mitigation – together. Planning means Real prevention and Real Protection. AML Risk Management – for effective Hostile Vehicle Mitigation strategies and equipment. The effective solution.

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – Meridian Crash Barriers

Screen Shot 2018-04-13 at 9.42.10 am

When a requirement arises for Temporary Crash Barriers, the Meridian Crash Barrier systems provide a sensible, efficient, portable mechanism to prevent hostile vehicle intrusions.

The Meridian system has been developed in the USA and used successfully in war-zones such as Afghanistan (Khandahar Airport), Oil and Fuel Refineries, Ports and other locations. It has been tested and confirmed to stop vehicles dead in their tracks travelling at 50km/h.

Here is the final excerpt from the Federal Government’s recommendations on Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – Temporary Barriers. This is precisely when the Meridian system as supplied by AML Risk Management comes into its own.

Re-deployable devices

Re-deployable devices are vehicle security barriers that are kept in storage and can be utilised when there is an increase in the level of threat to a specific location or crowded places generally. These devices are designed solely as protection measures and are generally not customisable.

Meridian Rapid Defense Group           Anti-Vehicle Barriers

There are two significant drawbacks associated with re-deployable HVM devices. The primary disadvantage is the fact that they are intelligence-driven, meaning that they are only effective if the site owner is aware of the threat: they cannot mitigate against a ‘no notice’ attack. A second disadvantage is their utilitarian appearance and consequent inability to respond to the aesthetic requirements of the surrounding environment, although their appearance is less of a concern if they are only operational for short periods of time, as is usually the case.

These drawbacks illustrate the importance of ensuring that permanent fixtures form part of a HVM strategy.

Rapid vehicle deployment barrier

  • Temporary installation
  • No assembly tools required
  • Set up in less than 10 minutes
  • As with permanent barriers, re-deployable barriers should be treated and rated against a recognised standard to resist the impact of the threat vehicle.

Portable barrier-in-a-box

  • Impact tested: 7.5 tonne at 48km/h
  • Temporary or permanent installation
  • Set up in 7 minutes
  • As this barrier is installed to bollards, the distance between them and their impact rating should meet the manufacturer’s specifications

Rapid deployable surface mount

  • Impact tested: 7.5 tonne at 48km/h
  • Short to mid-term installation
  • Deployed at a rate of 1 bollard every 5 minutes

Re-deployable road safety barriers

Road safety barriers such as concrete, steel and plastic water filled jersey barriers are designed to deflect vehicles from leaving the roadway or trafficable lane. These barriers are generally surface mounted and suitable for use as re-deployable traffic calming devices.

Caution must be taken not to use jersey barriers outside of their design specifications.

Improvised vehicle barriers

Vehicles have and continue to be used as improvised vehicle barriers around the world. This type of barrier is an attractive option due to its portability to close accessible gaps on roadways or paths that could be exploited by hostile vehicle attack, or to act as a gate to regulate authorised vehicle entry into a protected zone.

If using vehicles to form part of a barrier system, a comprehensive vehicle dynamics assessment must be conducted to determine suitability. The assessment must consider the size, weight and placement of the barrier vehicle relative to the size, weight and speed of the foreseeable threat (attack vehicle).

img-2

2.02 Every Metre Counts

Achieving a factor of safety

Where possible, barring vehicular access entirely – thus automatically removing threats to the site – is preferable to more elaborate vehicle management designs. This option can also have added operational benefits and reduced risk of accidents or misuse.

In selecting this method, however, consideration should be given to routine and emergency servicing requirements of the asset, as well as surrounding traffic and transport imperatives. The exclusion of traffic from a wide area may increase traffic volumes and congestion in the surrounding local transport network, thus creating a need for wider traffic management plans.

It is important to design barrier systems, both permanent and temporary that clearly define vehicle and pedestrian spaces. Street furniture in accordance with international standards can be used as mitigation, however they should be supplemented with additional traffic calming measures.

Permanent and temporary barrier systems that are not supported with these additional measures as depicted in the photograph(s) only serve to increase the risk to pedestrians in or on the barriers in the event of a vehicle impact.

With all surface mounted barriers, your assessment must also include the predicted penetration distance the barrier and attack vehicle will travel post impact. This distance will inform the factor of safety that is required (space between the barrier line and crowds).

2.03 Vehicle Approaches and Traffic Management Options

Impact angle is measured between the direction of travel of the vehicle and the impact location (between 0-90 degrees).

Owners and operators should consider a variety of traffic management options, including different forms of vehicle approaches.

Even a small reduction in the velocity of a hostile vehicle will have a significant decrease in the amount of energy that vehicle is carrying, thus reducing its impact and permitting less intrusive HVM devices, which may reduce costs.

High speed = high impact = catastrophic result.

A small decrease in speed = a large decrease in energy = reduced impact = less intrusive barriers and possible reduced cost.

There are a variety of traffic management options to help reduce vehicle speed.

Most severe – Head on impact

This impact mode is usually the most severe. The vehicle is fully engaged and the resultant momentum generated by the mass and speed of the vehicle is directed towards the point of impact.

Less severe – Angled impact

This impact mode is less severe than a head-on approach. The angle typically leads to speed loss by redirection of the vehicle.

Least severe – ‘In-turn’ impact

This mode is the least severe.

Lateral acceleration forces inhibit the capability of a vehicle to maintain or increase speed during a turn in.

Longitudinal deflections

Horizontal deflections, such as bends or chicanes, are often employed in urban or residential areas to encourage drivers to slow down. Drivers reduce vehicle speed in order to maintain ride comfort while making the required direction change; this, in turn, results in improved road user safety.

Longitudinal deflections can also be used to limit the maximum speed of a vehicle operated by a determined driver.

Well-designed temporary chicanes can help to slow vehicles in the lead up to a special event area.

Remember: always use barriers within their design specification.

Vertical deflections

Vertical deflections such as road humps, speed cushions and rumble strips are often employed as a visual deterrent and to disrupt ride comfort, encouraging road users to reduce speed. These,
however, typically provide negligible deterrent or speed reduction against a determined hostile vehicle attack.

Inclines

Gradient will affect the ability of a hostile vehicle to maintain speed or accelerate toward an asset, especially for larger, heavier vehicles. Steep inclines may also be used to restrict the line of sight along a potential attack route, thus introducing an element of uncertainty to the attacker.

Use of inclines will require a large amount of physical space so may not be an option unless there is natural incline available in the surrounding topography.

img-1

Conclusion

Smart design

The nature and use of hostile vehicles has evolved in recent years with terrorism and criminal activity, so too has our understanding and response. This evolution is reflected in the design
and implementation of new and innovative physical protective security measures that help prevent and reduce the consequences of an attack.

No longer must we equate effective physical protective security with cold, sterile measures of austerity. Creative innovation is paving the way for seamlessly integrated protection measures that complement and enhance current needs and desires within public and private spaces.

Equally, common sense needs to be applied to the installation of HVM measures by clearly identifying and prioritising the areas that need protection, rather than areas where it is ordinarily
impossible for vehicles to gain access.

It is important not to over-engineer HVM.

Innovative approach = optimised integration By recognising and acknowledging risks during the design stages of a building or public space, it is possible to achieve an optimal, holistic approach to safety through security. This is also the most cost-effective time to implement physical security measures. The MacLeamy Curve below outlines the importance of early considerations.

Where to go next

Not all of the options provided in this document will be applicable or achievable at all sites. A specific and unique site assessment will need to be conducted to establish the most suitable device for each site even if an owner/ operator has multiple similar assets. The surrounding environment will not be the same in each instance and these differences, no matter how subtle, will impact on the nature of the HVM solutions required.

Source: nationalsecurity.gov.au

Call now on 03 9326 2244 or leave your contact details here  for a free, no obligation consultation on providing real protection for your next street event, sporting event or outdoor program.

cropped-profile-pic.pngAML Risk Management – Planning, Prevention, Protection

#HostileVehicleMitigation

 

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation with AML – Portable Crash Barriers by Meridian do the job.

When events are planned with large crowds in space accessible by vehicles, the thinking behind planning for such events now has to change. In a city where many facilities were designed in times where the population was set at 1–2 million we are now confronted with a wider Greater Melbourne population base of over 5 million, including nearby provincial cities such as Geelong and the Mornington Peninsular. The simple fact is that within such a population base there will be those that are seriously unbalanced or unhinged mentally as has been demonstrated with both the Bourke St rampage and the Flinders St incident.

img-2

It’s time in many instances to provide permanent Hostile Vehicle Mitigation systems to protect areas such as Transport Hubs, Pedestrian Malls and Sporting Facilities.

But in other instances, such as Street Festivals, outdoor markets and peaceful demonstrations, it is now necessary to provide portable units that can be installed quickly, cost effectively and removed upon the event or function finishing.

AML Risk Management now operate and provide the Meridian Crash Barrier systems as a truly effective Hostile Vehicle Mitigation protective management system. For further information on the Meridian Crash Barriers please click here. The systems have been used at the South Melbourne Market in inner Melbourne and will be used on Anzac Day to protect marchers.

The Meridian Crash Barrier system will stop a hostile vehicle completely even up to 50km/h!

The Federal Government has developed a security strategy to prevent such vehicular attacks and we continue our reprints on the working paper created.

Vehicle Security Barriers (VSBs)

VSBs can be passive (static) or active (functioning/ mechanical) in their operation. Active devices are susceptible to mechanical failures and human error/ deception techniques, and require maintenance and ongoing costs; accordingly, passive barriers are preferred when there is no operational requirement to provide vehicle access into an area.

When selecting a barrier the foundation and installation is just as important to consider as the barrier itself. Poorly designed foundations can compromise the performance of a barrier in resisting high-energy hostile vehicle impacts.

Manufacturers offering an impact-tested VSB should also be able to offer a tested and approved foundation design for that product. Other considerations when installing a VSB include:

  • The presence of underground obstructions
  • Ground conditions
  • The perceived calculated impact loading
  • Protection to underground services in close proximity

Screen Shot 2018-04-06 at 2.09.36 pm

Foundation requirements

Passive barriers

There are a great number of options for creating effective passive barriers around an asset. They need not be costly to install and can easily fulfil aesthetic requirements of the space and its patrons, as well as the requirements of HVM.

A balance should be struck between proportionate security measures, the needs of the local businesses and functionality of public space. It is possible to integrate bespoke HVM measures into most public realm features.

Urban elements that can be used include:

  • Landscape features (e.g. sculpted or clad earthworks, steep verges)
  • Shrouded bollards (i.e. designed to match local architecture)
  • Decorative, structural or energy absorbing planters (i.e. more aesthetically acceptable)
  • Strengthened ‘light’ structures (e.g. bus or smoking shelter, information sign)
  • Large immovable landmarks (e.g. statues, walls)
  • Integrated street furniture (e.g. lighting column, traffic signal, seating, cycle rack)
  • Level changes (e.g. steps, high kerbs)
  • Water features (e.g. fountain, pond or pool)

Defining vehicle and pedestrian spaces

Designing and protecting pedestrian-only areas around assets is essential not only to protect pedestrians who would ordinarily use the space, but has the added benefit of restricting vehicle access to the buildings, creating standoff and natural barriers.

The best way to protect pedestrians is to create clearly defined pathways separate from vehicles. This can be achieved through the use of barriers along the edge of footpaths or by integrating walkways into new developments that limit vehicle accessibility but maintain easy access for pedestrians ensuring their safety. Designs like these may also help reduce the opportunity for accidental collisions between pedestrians and cars, which are quite common in carparks.

There are various designs that can help to define and reinforce pedestrian areas but should not be relied upon as the sole source of protection. These can include:

  • Raised footpath
  • Cobbles near gutter
  • Lights on the ground (car parks)
  • Verge; and
  • Medium strip

Stairs will stop most but not all vehicles and can be used to add a level of protection to high-pedestrian areas or gathering points. Their main use is in mitigating out of control vehicles, or slowing down determined vehicles; they may also act as a visual deterrent (target hardening). However, they should not be solely relied upon to protect critical infrastructure, since some vehicles (short wheel base and high front end) can easily mount stairs.

The images to the left show Civic Pavilion precinct in Sydney which incorporates a combination of stairs, a sculptured garden structure, and bollards to separate the pedestrian space from vehicles.

Access for emergency and maintenance vehicles into the space is managed through the use of removable bollards.

The venue provides a good example of how effective but subtle vehicle mitigation options can be integrated into the design, establishing a pedestrian environment safe from the risk of hostile vehicles.

Separating vehicle and pedestrian spaces can be achieved by strategically placing vehicle security barriers to define those spaces. Installing metal bollards on the edge of the roadway, in the image below, provides protection for pedestrians against a vehicle attack.

The large pedestrian space between the building and roadway creates additional stand-off distance that significantly reduces the building’s vulnerability to a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED).

The option of seating as a mitigation device at this location would not be appropriate, since the absence of a raised gutter between the roadway and pedestrian pavement increases the risk of injury to pedestrians in the event of a vehicle impact.

In designing pedestrian only spaces, consideration must be given to the volume of people (including wheelchairs and prams) movement in and out of a venue, together with access to the space by emergency and maintenance vehicles. This coupled with a comprehensive vehicle dynamics assessment should influence the shape and style of appropriate vehicle security barriers.

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Semi structural

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Sculpture and street

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Riverside upgrade: sculptured feature

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Riverside upgrade: sculptured feature

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Water feature

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Suitable space for passive barriers

hostile-vehicle-guidelines-crowded-places-11.jpg

Steps on a pedestrian street

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Remember

  • For effective barrier placement the maximum clearance between two barriers should be no wider than 1200mm
  • The barriers should also have a minimum height of 500mm

Screen Shot 2018-04-06 at 2.15.47 pm

There may be naturally formed barriers located around a site that could be used as part of a secure perimeter. Natural barriers could include rivers, ponds, lakes, densely wooded areas, steep slopes or changes in ground level that will either divert attack or preclude vehicle passage.

Where these features do not naturally occur it may be feasible to engineer them. In these cases, consideration must be given to access and egress paths for pedestrians and general crowd management around the venue or asset.

The recommended solutions are to construct a ditch, bund or combination of the two. Considerations such as cost (and long-term cost benefit), availability of materials/production facilities, ground conditions and architectural advantage will influence the choice of options.

Trees and fences

Trees

The use of individual trees as a VSB is not generally recommended. This is because full-scale impact testing of trees has indicated that trees do not necessarily perform well against a determined hostile vehicle impact.

Where an existing tree cannot be moved and forms part of the physical perimeter, a number of factors should be considered:

  • Tree health
  • Stability of local ground conditions around the tree roots
  • Trimming of branches to remove climbing aids (e.g. over a perimeter fence); and
  • Lines of sight for guard-forces and CCTV surveillance.

Where areas of bush, forest or other densely packed trees are present to form a natural barrier, the combined resistance will likely be more effective against determined vehicular impact. In this instance, any gaps between trees may only require lower grade infill HVM measures to prevent a slow speed encroachment attack.

Fences

Most conventional fences are not a viable option for a HVM measure; they are easily breached by vehicles at low speeds and should only be used where vehicle speed is restricted by terrain or
approach. Fences are better suited to assist perimeter monitoring by installing perimeter intruder detection systems (PIDS) like motion sensors on the fences.

Active barriers

If vehicle access to the asset is required, then active barriers can be used to identify and monitor vehicles allowed past the standoff perimeter.

Use of an active VSB is required for control of vehicle access. The term “active” refers to the system’s ability to operate from closed (secure) to open, and could take a number of forms, such as:

  • Retractable bollard;
  • Retractable blocker; and
  • Folding, sliding, swinging, rising-arm gate.

Screen Shot 2018-04-06 at 2.16.43 pm

Retractable bollard

Screen Shot 2018-04-06 at 2.16.51 pm

Retractable bollard and rising-arm gate

An active VSB can be manually operated by a person or powered (e.g. hydraulic power source). A VSB should be selected not only on the basis of performance or operational requirements, but also
cost. Careful consideration should be made by the consultant and purchaser as to the full cost of a VSB, especially post-installation costs and long-term requirements such as:

  • Training;
  • Service requirements;
  • Maintenance and repairs;
  • Spare parts;
  • Environment e.g. salt corrosion;
  • Positioning of controls e.g. ensure they are secure; and not accessible by the public;
  • Drainage issues.

If an active VSB is required then a well-designed vehicle access control point should ensure that guards are not put under undue pressure or distracted by traffic management requirements that
might prevent their being able to carry out security procedures safely and securely.

Screen Shot 2018-04-06 at 2.17.47 pm

Vehicle access control point

The ideal VACP deploys two rows of VSB at the end of a VSB enforced chicane. One row at the start and another at the end of a VSB enforced chicane as per diagram. This creates a contained secure zone that a vehicle cannot enter or leave until authorised by the guard forces or an automatic access control system. This type of VACP uses up a lot of land space and is expensive to install and maintain; thus, while ideal, this type of VACP is only suitable to certain areas.

Imperative to control points are rejection lanes, search bays or parking facilities that have not been illustrated in this diagram.

Standards for vehicle security barriers

International Standards Organisation (ISO), International Workshop Agreement (IWA) 14-1 & 14-2. 2013.

Part 1 relates to the performance requirement, impact test method and performance rating.

IWA 14 -2 :2013

Part 2 relates to the application of vehicle security barriers.

The selection and installation of vehicle security barriers must include consideration of relevant legislation and general crowd management. For example; public access and safety, accessibility for wheelchairs and prams.

Source: nationalsecurity.gov.au

AML Risk Management can provide both the planning, expertise and installation of the Meridian Crash Barrier system as is required, as well as timely removal upon completion of any event.

Remember AML Risk Management for Planning, Prevention and Protection. It’s the right choice.

Barriers to prevent hostile vehicles to be used at Anzac Day marches this year.

Hostile vehicle mitigation is the term used by Government agencies and the security industry to ensure the safety of large crowds and pedestrian masses. Melbourne has endured 3 such incidents in the last two years with fatalities occurring on two occasions. It is important to understand that the perpetrators in all three incidents were deemed mentally unstable. These were not terrorist inspired actions, although such tragedies as the Nice and Berlin Truck rampages no doubt encourage a range of ‘me too’ lunacy.

img-1

AML Risk Management is at the forefront in the provision of portable, effective crash barriers to provide Hostile Vehicle Mitigation in public places, as was recently noted in Melbourne’s Herald Sun Newspaper

Tougher barriers for March

Super-strength steel barriers will be installed to shield crowds at Anzac Day marches this year to prevent deadly attacks and rampages.

The barriers – which are so strong they meet the standards of the US defence force and Homeland Security – are already being used at the South Melbourne Market. It is the first time the technology has been used in Australia.

The three Archer 1200 barriers are designed to protect high traffic and pedestrian areas from dangerous and threatening vehicles and can stop a vehicle travelling at 50km/h. They can also be used in the event of changing threat levels.

AML Risk Management will install the barriers at Anzac Day marches and other major events in Melbourne this year.

Managing Director Andrew Duffy said the company has several bookings in 2018.

“We plan to continue implementing vehicle mitigation strategies, and increasing the safety and security of events in Melbourne” he said.

“The feedback we have received has been excellent. Comments were made by members of the public claiming they were pleased to see action being taken against hostile vehicles.”

South Melbourne Market manager Ian Sumpter said the barriers were among key safety measures that form part of the market’s risk management strategy.

Source: Herald Sun

IMG_2853-

For further information and recommendations from the Federal Government’s National Security operation, please read section 2 here of its media release on the subject.

How to separate hostile traffic from pedestrians –

Hot spots such as outdoor markets, parades, festivals and sporting events In designing and applying measures to mitigate hostile vehicle risks in public spaces, it is important
to consider equally the needs of the normal users of the space. Spaces must be safe but they must also be functional, such that the level of security is proportionate to the level of risk.

As such, a ‘one size fits all’ approach is not effective: mitigation solutions must be tailored to the physical and practical context. Additionally, since threat levels and terrorist methods evolve over time (often in response to security methods), both current and future security needs must be taken into account and security measures reviewed periodically for effectiveness.

For most existing locations and in some new build designs, there are issues that should be considered to maximise both the functionality of the space and effectiveness of the HVM measures, such as:

  • Business needs (e.g. budget, health and safety);
  • Logistics (e.g. traffic management, operational requirements);
  • Pedestrian and traffic throughput;
  • Disability legislation; and
  • Building (e.g. appearance, planning consent)

In this case a risk management plan, including a vulnerability assessment, should be conducted to understand what impact the functional needs of the space has on the proposed HVM measures.

Crowded places – Outdoor special events

It is important to take a holistic approach to the security of an outdoor special event where large crowds are expected. Your initial assessment must consider all foreseeable threats which should inform your decision in selecting an appropriate venue.

For vehicle risks, and where possible, it’s considered good business practice to select a venue that contains existing natural barriers, e.g. large bolders, well established dense trees lines, natural berms, ditches, running rivers or creeks. This will reduce the amount and ultimately the cost of hiring re-deployable vehicle barriers.

Remember to consider other risks when installing security measures so not to introduce vulnerabilities to other risks.

Safe places by design

The strategic integration of steps, columns and sculptures into the building’s design offers a good example of how hostile vehicle mitigation can be applied in a subtle way. A flight of steps leading into a building can restrict access to most conventional vehicles, presenting the building as a less desirable target.

Strategically placed mitigation devices such as spheres, planter boxes, seats, or bollards on the pavement surrounding the entrance of the building provides additional protection against unauthorised vehicle intrusion while increasing the standoff distance. It is important to ensure that barrier solutions that may not be purpose built (e.g. planter boxes, sculptures) are properly mounted and reinforced against impact. This may require advice from a qualified engineer with experience in HVM.

To be continued next week

Source: nationalsecurity.gov.au

AML provide planning, prevention and protection with the exclusive use of the Meridian Crash Barrier systems. Deployed, the systems will stop a vehicle travelling at 50km/h completely.

Screen Shot 2017-06-22 at 4.07.58 pm copy

AML – real security, real protection, through planning and prevention.

Crash Barriers installed as South Melbourne Public Event

Last weekend saw the South Melbourne Market celebrate its annual ‘Mussels and Jazz Festival’. The event sees Cecil St closed to traffic and a range of food stalls operate around a central music stage. The street is closed between Coventry and York St and the event attracts large crowds over the weekend. Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Crash Barriers were installed for the event this year by AML Risk Management.

The Crash Barriers can effectively stop a vehicle travelling at 50km/h completely. As can be seen it is a simple deployment, requiring minimal labour. The barriers are not intrusive and for most people they are hardly noticed.

2018-Mussel-Jazz-Festival-LOW-RES-38@2x

The location provided a need for such equipment in that Cecil St in either direction would provide an unimpeded access for a hostile vehicle. The roundabouts could still be negotiated leaving hundreds of people vulnerable.

As can be seen the units are linked and provide a clear barrier to hostile vehicles. The Meridian System as installed by AML Risk Management can be viewed here.

2018-Mussel-Jazz-Festival-LOW-RES-96

No doubt at future street events and public gatherings the positioning of such crash barriers will become the norm. It is interesting to note that the 15 year old driver who terrorised Swanston St on Grand Final Day faced court this week. Described as a mute and deaf teen, the court was told the teenager suffered from severe autism and had the language skills of a 3-5 year old child. He would have had no comprehension of the impact of his actions and as such escaped jail.

Put simply had he hit a pedestrian he would most certainly have maimed or killed them. Whether he was a terrorist or not (he most definitely wasn’t), his actions put many people at serious risk. Crash Barriers (Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Systems) ensure the safety of the public at large gatherings. They simply work.

For further information please call AML Risk Management on 03 9326 2244 during business hours, or leave your details here and our staff will provide you with further information.

With AML it’s Planning that provides Prevention and Protection.

Genuine Prevention Real Protection.

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – What does it mean?

In June last year the Melbourne Cricket Ground sought expressions of interest in expanding its Protective Security Solutions at the MCG with a hostile vehicle solution.

Here is the report from SEN (Security Electronics and Networks) that sets out the facility’s requirements. The tenders closed in July 2017, but with no real tangible decision made for this year’s cricket season.

MELBOURNE Cricket Ground (MCG) is seeking expressions of interest for the expansion of the MCG Protective Security Solution at the MCG with a hostile vehicle mitigation solution.

MCG.jpg2_-1024x291.jpg

The MCC is seeking providers who have a validated track record in the design and installation of hostile vehicle mitigation solutions at similar sporting venues, or at other locations where direct comparisons can be made with the requirements of the MCC.

The MCG is Australia’s most attended sports and entertainment stadium, accommodating major events such as international cricket, Australian Rules football, soccer, rugby and concerts, as well as hosting a large number of major functions in the surrounding purpose-built facilities.

The MCG is on Crown Land in Yarra Park, Jolimont and is held on behalf of the people of Victoria by the MCG Trust. Day to day management and control of the stadium is delegated by the Trust to the Melbourne Cricket Club (the Club), which holds a long-term lease of the MCG.

MCG-Pedestrian-Precinct.jpg-2

MCG seeking protection for pedestrian precinct

The 100,024-seat Melbourne Cricket Ground, is the 10th largest and one of the greatest sports arenas in the world. It is Australia’s largest stadium, the largest stadium in the Southern Hemisphere, the largest cricket ground by capacity in the world, and has the tallest light towers of any sporting venue in the world.

The MCG is within walking distance of the city centre and is served by the Richmond railway station, Richmond, and the Jolimont railway station, East Melbourne

The tender for hostile vehicle mitigation closed on July 20, 2017.

Source: securityelectronicsandnetworks.com

AML Risk Management offer a range of Hostile Vehicle Mitigation equipment including a range of Meridian Crash Barriers and Accessories. Click here to view.

Contact AML Risk Management on 03 9326 2244 for further information or leave contact details here for a callback.

AML Risk Management – Planning, Prevention and Protection