What is Hostile Vehicle Mitigation

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Hostile Vehicle Mitigation

Vehicle-borne threats range from vandalism to sophisticated or aggressive attack by determined criminals or terrorists or simply a mentally unstable individual losing control. The mobility and payload capacity of a vehicle offers a convenient delivery mechanism for a large explosive device, although the vehicle itself may be used as a weapon. Determining a vehicle-borne threat, assessing site strengths and vulnerabilities, and identifying suitable options for Hostile Vehicle Mitigation (HVM) measures is simply sensible planning.

Determining the type of vehicle-borne threat being faced

When specifying the nature of the vehicle-borne threat it is important to understand:

  • Modus Operandi (MO).  This includes parked, penetrative, encroachment, deception and duress or a combination of attack methods including surreptitious and forcible attack on the barrier, or simply opportunistic and unplanned chaos
  • Threat vehicle(s) – Unmodified road vehicles with specific characteristics – mass, speed and structure, as well as vehicle specific capabilities

For explosive situations:

  • Blast effect – especially if considering VBIED attack
  • Blast stand-off distance – must be considered in conjunction with the site operational needs and security plan

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How to assess the strengths and vulnerabilities of my site to vehicle-borne threats?

Once the nature of threat is understood, practitioners should take a methodical and considered approach to determine their safety objectives and highlight security vulnerabilities:

  • Develop detailed security requirements for Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – Operational Requirements (OR)
  • User Requirement Document (URD) if not covered in the detailed requirements – addressing additional business needs e.g. stakeholder liaison, planning and design
  • Practical site assessment – a layered approach incorporating the local area, blast stand-off, traffic management and vehicle access control
  • Technical assessment –  Vehicle Dynamics Assessment (VDA) at specific locations based on the relevant threat vehicle(s)
  • Liaison with technical or security

How can I reduce the vulnerability of my site and mitigate vehicle-borne threats?

Based on the agreed objectives and site assessment, a range of options can be incorporated into the design of a robust HVM strategy:

  • Principles of hostile vehicle mitigation – determine the aims of the HVM strategy and how it will integrate with other site security measures
  • Traffic calming – can be used to limit vehicle approach speeds to a manageable level
  • Vehicle Security Barriers (VSB) –  provide proven vehicle impact protection and maintain blast stand-off.
  • Traffic management – when and how legitimate traffic will access the site
  • Vehicle access control – consider deployment of active Vehicle Security Barriers solutions, access procedures, long term operational management and emergency access

Public realm integration

Integration of HVM measures within the public realm is increasingly common and whilst requiring the application of informed design choices meeting the needs of numerous stakeholders, can provide proportionate security measures without impinging on the needs of local businesses or functionality

Source: https://www.cpni.gov.uk/hostile-vehicle-mitigation

One of the best options is the Meridian Defence Group’s specially designed Crash Barriers.

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AML Risk Management are the Australian providers of the Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barriers – the Archer 1200 system. The Archer 1200 system has been deployed here in Melbourne at the South Melbourne Market for the Mussels and Jazz Festival, as well as at several Anzac Day Commemoration events. These events attracted large pedestrian crowds. The Archer 1200 units provide real protection from hostile vehicles. A vehicle weighing 1.5 tonnes travelling at 30mph is stopped instantly and effectively by these barriers.

The Archer 1200 units can be easily deployed by one or two persons as well as demounted in the same manner.

With significant crowds gathering in places not specifically designed for crowd movement there is real need to protect such people from hostile vehicles.

To arrange a free no-obligation quotation or simply to facilitate an informational consultation please call 9326 2244 and ask for M/s Emerald Forrest, Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Supervisor or her colleague M/s Irene Rentifis. Emerald can provide an accurate assessment and analysis of your event’s exposure to hostile vehicle intrusion and recommend strategies to protect your event and its patrons.

AML Risk Management – for real Planning, Protection and Prevention.

 

Fun Runs – It’s Time to be Vigilant.

Melbourne is famous for its Fun Runs and Marathons. Fun Runs are somewhat different in that they attract people of all ages and all capabilities with very large crowds gathering at the beginning and end of the runs, often with many thousands of people running. This year already we have seen a number of runs and between now and Christmas there are another 8 runs planned for inner city locations – from St Kilda to the Albert Park Lake Reserve, Alexander Gardens and the Tan Track, the MCG and Flemington Racecourse.

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As well as these events, there are many events scheduled for rural and provincial areas and cities. The full schedule is available at http://www.runcalendar.com.au

Such events create temporary crowds of large numbers. It is timely to consider the possibility of Hostile Vehicle intrusions. Perhaps the Boston Marathon is a good example of how such events can be targeted. Hostile Vehicle attacks are on the rise. In Australia those that have occurred are random and generally carried out by mentally unstable persons.

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Hostile Vehicle Mitigation is an item likely to be high on the various event’s organisers agendas. With thousands of people participating and crowding at the start and finish lines, it is good to be mindful of potential risks.

One of the best options is the Meridian Defence Group’s specially designed Crash Barriers.

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AML Risk Management are the Australian providers of the Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barriers – the Archer 1200 system. The Archer 1200 system has been deployed here in Melbourne at the South Melbourne Market for the Mussels and Jazz Festival, as well as at several Anzac Day Commemoration events. These events attracted large pedestrian crowds. The Archer 1200 units provide real protection from hostile vehicles. A vehicle weighing 1.5 tonnes travelling at 30mph is stopped instantly and effectively by these barriers.

The Archer 1200 units can be easily deployed by one or two persons as well as demounted in the same manner.

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With significant crowds gathering in places not specifically designed for crowd movement there is real need to protect such people from hostile vehicles.

To arrange a free no-obligation quotation or simply to facilitate an informational consultation please call 9326 2244 and ask for M/s Emerald Forrest, Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Supervisor or her colleague M/s Irene Rentifis. Emerald can provide an accurate assessment and analysis of your event’s exposure to hostile vehicle intrusion and recommend strategies to protect your event and its patrons.

AML Risk Management – for real Planning, Protection and Prevention.

AFL Finals across Australia – preparations underway.

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For Melburnians, September means AFL Finals – Australian Rules Football at its best. But these days the final series extends right across Australia as AFL is now truly a National Code. In recent years Finals matches have been played in Perth, Adelaide, Sydney and Melbourne. The Grand Final remains the ultimate in crowd drawing fixtures. Each year no matter which teams are competing, the MCG looks at holding just on 100,000 people. This is an enormous crowd. Interstate Finals draw up to 50,000 people.

With changing circumstances worldwide, hostile Vehicle Attacks remain a possibility. Last year on Grand Final Day a young unlicensed driver drove his family’s small SUV sedan erratically up and down Swanston St and in a thoroughly threatening manner on the Swanston St – Flinders St intersection directly outside Melbourne’s major Transport Hub, Flinders St Station. Police acted decisively and no person was injured. The culprit was found to be severely, undiagnosed autistic teenager 16 years of age, dressed in camouflage fatigues carrying an extendable baton.

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This year there are likely to be Finals matches in Sydney, Perth, Adelaide and Melbourne. Over a five week period, culminating in the Grand Final in Melbourne held at the MCG. On the Friday before Grand Final, the annual Grand Final Parade will occur on the streets of Melbourne’s CBD.

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation is an item likely to be high on the various event’s organisers agendas. With thousands of people thronging in crowds to reach the game, it is good to be mindful of potential risks.

One of the best options is the Meridian Defence Group’s specially designed Crash Barriers.

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AML Risk Management are the Australian providers of the Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barriers – the Archer 1200 system. The Archer 1200 system has been deployed here in Melbourne at the South Melbourne Market for the Mussels and Jazz Festival, as well as at several Anzac Day Commemoration events. These events attracted large pedestrian crowds. The Archer 1200 units provide real protection from hostile vehicles. A vehicle weighing 1.5 tonnes travelling at 30mph is stopped instantly and effectively by these barriers.

The Archer 1200 units can be easily deployed by one or two persons as well as demounted in the same manner.

With significant crowds gathering in places not specifically designed for crowd movement there is real need to protect such people from hostile vehicles.

To arrange a free no-obligation quotation or simply to facilitate an informational consultation please call 9326 2244 and ask for M/s Emerald Forrest, Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Supervisor or her colleague M/s Irene Rentifis. Emerald can provide an accurate assessment and analysis of your event’s exposure to hostile vehicle intrusion and recommend strategies to protect your event and its patrons.

AML Risk Management – for real Planning, Protection and Prevention.

 

Melbourne’s Spring Racing Carnival.

Each year in late October and early November, Melbourne hosts the Spring Racing Carnival. popular events are held at a number of venues with large crowds attending. As well the city hosts the Melbourne Cup Parade in the CBD with thousands attending the event each year.

Some of the largest crowds to attend public sporting events attend the various race meetings. The venues host such crowds only once a year.

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Hostile Vehicle Mitigation is an issue high on the organisers agendas. With surrounding streets filled with race-goers and attendees, it is good to be mindful of potential risks.

One of the best options is the Meridian Defence Group’s specially designed Crash Barriers.

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AML Risk Management are the Australian providers of the Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barriers – the Archer 1200 system. The Archer 1200 system has been deployed here in Melbourne at the South Melbourne Market for the Mussels and Jazz Festival, as well as at several Anzac Day Commemoration events. These events attracted large pedestrian crowds. The Archer 1200 units provide real protection from hostile vehicles. A vehicle weighing 1.5 tonnes travelling at 30mph is stopped instantly and effectively by these barriers.

 

The Archer 1200 units can be easily deployed by one or two persons as well as demounted in the same manner.

With significant crowds gathering in places not specifically designed for crowd movement there is real need to protect such people from hostile vehicles.

To arrange a free no-obligation quotation or simply to facilitate an informational consultation please call 9326 2244 and ask for M/s Emerald Forrest, Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Supervisor or her colleague M/s Irene Rentifis. Emerald can provide an accurate assessment and analysis of your event’s exposure to hostile vehicle intrusion and recommend strategies to protect your event and its patrons.

AML Risk Management – for real Planning, Protection and Prevention.

Hostile Vehicle Attacks in the Northern Hemisphere

Many people have commented on Terrorist Attacks here on this page when mention of Hostile Vehicle Attacks is made. Simplistic responses such as the banning of ethnic or religious minorities, closing down immigration and punitive methodologies against those wearing religious garb have all been canvassed.

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Put simply none of these measures will prevent a hostile vehicle from causing Death or Injury. Active insurgents simply do not play by the rules. They do not announce their intentions or telegraph their beliefs. Quite simply they carry out their intended actions causing mass chaos, injury and destruction with absolutely no forward warning. The only thing that can effectively prevent such actions is a solid, well tested Hostile Vehicle Mitigation System – such as the Meridian Rapid Defence Group’s Archer 1200 Barriers. In Australia these units are available exclusively through AML Risk Management.

Take a look here at the relevant history of Hostile Vehicle Attacks in the Northern Hemisphere. There is a distinct pattern and it is evident that this is dependent on the physical accessibility of Europe and European cities to the Middle Eastern War Zones. The US and Canada are also high level targets. Australia is far more difficult for these groups but as recent events in Sydney with regard to Aviation prove – not impossible.

Terrorist Attacks by Vehicle Fast Facts

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Police evacuate Stockholm Central Train Station after a truck crashed into a department store injuring several people in Stockholm, Sweden, Friday April 7, 2017.

Editors Note: This is a selective list which only includes attacks involving civilians.

(CNN) Here is some background information on terror attacks involving vehicles used as deadly weapons by radicalized individuals or terror groups.

Facts:

Al Qaeda’s Yemeni branch encouraged its Western recruits to use trucks as weapons. A 2010 webzine article, “The Ultimate Mowing Machine,” called for deploying a pickup truck as a “mowing machine, not to mow grass but mow down the enemies of Allah.”

In September 2014, ISIS spokesman Abu Mohammad al-Adnani called for lone wolf attacks using improvised weaponry, “If you are not able to find an IED or a bullet, then single out the disbelieving American, Frenchman or any of their allies. Smash his head with a rock or slaughter him with a knife or run him over with your car or throw him down from a high place or choke him or poison him.”

Timeline:

March 3, 2006 – Mohammed Taheri-azar, an Iranian-American, drives an SUV into an area crowded with students at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Nine people sustain minor injuries during the attack, which Teheri-azar later says is retribution for the killing of Muslims overseas. He is convicted of attempted murder in 2008 and is sentenced to 33 years in prison.

October 22, 2014 – A three-month old girl and an Ecuadorian tourist are killed when a driver swerves into a crowd at a light rail station in Jerusalem. The driver, Abdel Rahman al-Shaludi is shot and killed by police. Israeli media reported he published militant writing on Facebook and supported Hamas, a fundamentalist Islamic group that has conducted attacks in Gaza and the West Bank, but his family denied he supported Hamas or any terror organization.

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July 14, 2016 – After a Bastille Day fireworks display in Nice, France, a man drives a 20-ton rental truck into the crowd, striking and killing 86 people. The attacker, Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel, 31, a Tunisian national, drives nearly a mile on the beachfront promenade before he is shot and killed by authorities. French officials say Bouhlel seemed to become radicalized “very quickly” by ISIS propaganda before the attack. He also suffered from mental illness, according to his father.

November 28, 2016 – At Ohio State University, 11 people are injured when a student, Abdul Razak Ali Artan, 18, carries out a car and knife attack. A campus police officer shoots and kills Artan, whom police believe was inspired by ISIS and the radical cleric, Anwar al-Awlaki.

December 19, 2016 – A Tunisian man drives a tractor trailer into a Christmas market in Berlin, killing 12 people. In the wake of the attack, authorities conduct a manhunt for Anis Amri, 24, throughout Europe. He is shot and killed by police in Milan, Italy, four days after the attack. Hours after Amri dies, ISIS releases a video of him pledging allegiance to the terrorist group.

March 22, 2017 – A man drives an SUV into a crowd on the sidewalk along the Westminster Bridge in London, killing at least four. After ramming the car into a barrier outside the House of Parliament, the driver exits the vehicle and stabs a police officer to death. The attacker is then gunned down by a police officer. The assailant, Khalid Masood, 52, of West Midlands, reportedly had a criminal record and may have had connections to violent extremism, British Prime Minister Theresa May says.

April 7, 2017 – Four people are killed, when a truck drives into pedestrians on a busy street in the center of Stockholm, Sweden, before crashing into a department store. A fifth victim dies from her injuries three weeks later. The attacker, Rakhmat Akilov, a 39-year-old from Uzbekistan, admitted to carrying out a “terrorist crime,” his lawyer says. Akilov is later sentenced to life in prison.

June 3, 2017 – Eight people are killed in two terror attacks in central London before police shoot three suspects dead, the Metropolitan police say. The violence begins when a van swerves into throngs of pedestrians on London Bridge. The suspects then jump out the van and proceed on foot to nearby Borough Market, a popular nightlife spot, where witnesses say they produce knives and slash indiscriminately at people in restaurants and bars. At least 48 people are taken to hospitals, according to the London Ambulance Service.

June 19, 2017 – Just after midnight, a van plows into a group of pedestrians who had attended late-night prayers at London’s Finsbury Park Mosque, killing one man and injuring 11 people. The driver is arrested at the scene for attempted murder and further held on suspicion of terrorism offenses. The suspect is later identified as Darren Osborne, 47, a resident of Cardiff in Wales, according to multiple UK media outlets. Osborne is later sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 43 years.

August 16-18, 2017 – At least 13 people are killed and about 100 are injured on August 17th after a van plows through a crowd of people in a popular tourist district in Barcelona, Spain. Two suspects are arrested, but the driver gets away, according to police. ISIS’ media wing, Amaq, issues a statement claiming responsibility, saying that the attackers are “soldiers of the Islamic State.” On August 18th, in Cambrils, a coastal city around 100 kilometers from Barcelona, five attackers drive an Audi A3 into several pedestrians, killing one. The attackers are shot and killed by police. A house explosion on August 16th, in Alcanar, south of Barcelona, is also believed to be connected to the attacks.

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September 30-October 1, 2017 – On September 30 in Edmonton, Canada, a man purposely strikes a police officer with a white Chevrolet Malibu before jumping out of the vehicle, stabbing the officer several times with a knife and fleeing on foot. There is an ISIS flag in the car, which is later seized as evidence. Just before midnight that same day, a police officer stops a U-Haul truck at a checkpoint and recognizes the driver’s name as similar to that of the Chevrolet’s registered owner. The U-Haul truck then speeds off towards downtown Edmonton. During the chase, the truck deliberately attempts to hit pedestrians in crosswalks and alleys, injuring at least four pedestrians. Abdulahi Hasan Sharif, 30, a Somali refugee, is later charged with five counts of attempted murder, dangerous driving, criminal flight causing bodily harm and possession of a weapon for a dangerous purpose.

October 31, 2017 – Eight people are killed and almost a dozen injured when a 29-year-old man in a rented pickup truck drives down a busy bicycle path near the World Trade Center in New York. The captured suspect has been identified as Sayfullo Habibullaevic Saipov. Authorities found a note near the truck used in the incident, claiming the attack was made in the name of ISIS, a senior law enforcement official said.

Source: cnn.com

In Australia it has been mentally unstable individuals who have caused damage, loss of life and injury. It is immaterial as to why someone acts so, the real issue is prevention and the protection of human life.

The Meridian Archer 1200 system is adaptable to many informal and casual street gatherings and large temporary crowds. Read about it here.

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It is portable, yet effective and can be deployed by one or two people.

Call now on 03 9326 2244 and ask for Emerald Forrest, our hostile vehicle Mitigation Services Coordinator, for a free no-obligation consultation. or leave your details here and one of our operatives will get back to you promptly.

Choose AML Risk Management and the Meridian Rapid Defence Group’s Archer 1200.

Planning, Protection, Prevention. It’s the AML Risk Management program. Strategise to Protect and Prevent.

 

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation is a must for all street Festivals in Melbourne

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Each year in Melbourne – in fact all capital cities in Australia – Street Festivals are held in inner city locations attracting very large crowds. Melbourne plays host to an abundance of festivals varying from religious celebrations and street parties to Gay Pride marches. Such events attract crowds in their thousands, and require security measures to ensure the event attendees are safe from vehicle access by dangerous vehicles.

Events and Festivals of this stature often use pedestrian malls or similar locations to present stall holders with food, produce and other interesting goods. The streets are closed off but not necessarily effectively. A determined person in a vehicle can easily gain access in many cases.

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Permanent electric retractable bollards and other fixtures alike may have proven to be a solution for vehicle mitigation needs, but how do we rationalise the purchase and installation of such equipment for short-term annual events and street festivals? It simply can’t be done. Temporary solutions such as water-filled barriers and concrete blocks are available, but remain unadaptable in the event of an emergency or changing conditions. With upwards of 10,000 people filling these events, there is a requirement for a more practical portable barrier.

With its rapid deployment and removal, and adaptable configurations, Meridians Archer 1200 Barrier System is the solution we’ve been waiting for. Further information can be found on our website.

 

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Want to know more? Ready to order? Call now on 03 9326 2244 or leave your details here and book a consultation with one of our experienced Safety and Security consultants.

cropped-profile-pic.pngAML Risk Management and Meridian Vehicle Mitigation – together. Planning means Real prevention and Real Protection. AML Risk Management – for effective Hostile Vehicle Mitigation strategies and equipment. The effective solution.

AML Risk Management and Meridian – Providing Hostile Vehicle Barriers for large public events.

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The following is a press release from the USA. It features both AML Risk Management and our partner Meridian Rapid Defence Group. AML Risk Management is now deploying Meridian Hostile Vehicle Mitigation systems (Crash Barriers) here in Victoria. Easy to install and dismantle – the systems have been tested to stop vehicles travelling at 50km/h dead in their tracks.

For Street Festivals, Sporting Events, Food Festivals, Street Markets or major demonstrations, the Meridian Crash Barriers – Vehicle Mitigation systems, provide real surety, safety, protection and prevention from hostile vehicles. Call AML Risk Management now on 03 9326 2244 for further information, or leave your details here for a prompt response.

MERIDIAN EXPANDS HOSTILE VEHICLE BARRIER BUSINESS TO SERVE RENTAL DEMANDS IN AUSTRALIA

Certified Archer 1200 Portable Vehicle Barrier

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Meets International Guidelines for Best-In-Class Protection

Melbourne, Victoria (April 27, 2018) – Worldwide demand for immediate vehicle mitigation has opened up a new market in major cities across Australia. Meridian Rapid Defense Group (Meridian) has partnered with AML Risk Management Pyt Ltd (AML) to offer the first US DOD and PAS 68 portable vehicle barriers on a rental basis. Recent deployments include the South Melbourne Market Mussel and Jazz Festival (March 10-11) and the ANZAC Day Dawn Service in Torquay attended by an estimated 5,000 on April 25th.

The Archer 1200 barrier design combines certified stopping power with the ease of deployment required to service ad hoc outdoor events where large crowds are at risk from hostile vehicle engagement. Communities can pro-actively address security needs via equipment rental without the often-lengthy process for city or government purchase programs.

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“The need is now,” says AML Managing Director Andrew Duffy. “Every weekend in cities across Australia, people are out enjoying concerts, shopping, markets – the Archer 1200s can be positioned in minutes to provide a protective barrier between pedestrians and danger.”

The South Melbourne Market event is a typical situation where roadways are closed down to make way for street festivals filled with pedestrians. Large crowds near active roadways can be targeted by car ramming terrorists. Often times, the only protections are aluminum fencing and safety cones. Communities are often slow to address the risk.

The recent tragedy in Toronto demonstrates that attacks are happening in cities outside of London, Paris and New York. “It is a sad reality that the threat is real and growing,” adds Duffy. “Communities are struggling with how to deal it. Being able to rent these barriers gives cities a way to act now – without lengthy planning and budget processes.”

The Archer 1200 portable barrier is in use globally by military, police and major sports venues including the Melbourne & Olympic Parks. Other deployments include Kandahar Airfield, Pasadena’s Rose Bowl Stadium and the upscale, open-air malls of the Caruso Group.

“We are about keeping people, places and communities safer,” says Meridian CEO Peter Whitford. “We want to get these barriers out in the field so they can do their jobs. Expanding to rental allows us to help events – large and small – on virtually a moment’s notice.”

The Archer 1200 has an additional feature which makes it particularly suited to public events. Barrier units are spaced about a meter apart and connected with steel Arrestor CablesTM. The set up prevents vehicle breach yet allows free flow of pedestrians and quick access for emergency vehicles.

“There are so many factors that have to go into providing a secure location,” adds Whitford. “You need to nail perimeter safety, but you can cause even more problems if you create a fortress atmosphere.” Whitford cites the case of the recent Las Vegas shooting where high fencing prevented evacuations and access to wounded by first responders. Portable, modular barriers allow security teams to design highly flexible plans that can adapt to changing situations. In addition, the barriers balance the mix of showing strength while maintaining an aesthetic appeal.

For more information about Archer 1200 barrier rentals, contact AML at events@amlrisk.com.au or Meridian at info@betterbarriers.com.

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About Meridian Rapid Defense Group

Meridian is headquartered in Pasadena, California and operates in the U.S., Europe, Asia and Australia as perimeter security specialists. Meridian develops anti-vehicle barrier systems that are engineered for speed of deployment. The flexibility of the system allows tactical or military forces to quickly secure politically, economically or environmentally important sites for short and long durations. Their product line is focused on anchored and unanchored portable vehicle mitigation barriers as well as the supporting elements that ensure a fast and effective deployment.

http://www.betterbarriers.com

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About AML Risk Management Ptd Lty

AML Risk Management is a licensed and experienced Security Firm which operates at an industry leading standard. Our experienced team of trained professionals strive to complete every task to the satisfaction of the client. Part of our goal is to maintain the flexibility to cater for the unique security needs of any event at any capacity. This is achieved through the diverse range of services we offer, from basic crowd control and asset protection, through to our Emergency Response and Emergency Management Teams. We also have a highly skilled Asset Protection Unit who are qualified to operate and carry out Trace Detection.

http://www.amlriskmanagement.com.au

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – The Canadian Tragedy

It is becoming increasingly obvious that those likely to attempt vehicular manslaughter and murder are in the first instance delusional. The idea that these incidents are all terrorist inspired (politically motivated) is naïve. The incidents in London, Nice and Berlin have inspired a rather terrifying copycat response from those who suffer mental health issues. Crash Barriers – (permanent and temporary) simply save innocent lives, and must now be installed widely or deployed where required for major events.

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It is becoming clear that disturbed persons consider a vehicle a suitable weapon with which to take human lives. In Nice, it was a festive crowd, targeted by dissident terrorists. In Melbourne, both incidents involved persons suffering from severe mental health problems. It would appear the Canadian driver also fits this profile. The decision to mow down pedestrians is a split second sociopathic response. The public safety response is to apply permanent vehicle crash barriers where necessary and to ensure temporary crash barriers where large events or gatherings attendees are vulnerable to hostile vehicle attack.

Read here the report from The Sydney Morning Herald:

Toronto police cautious about details of van’s path of carnage

Ottawa, Ontario: A white rental van plowed through pedestrians on a footpath along a busy commercial street in Toronto on Monday, killing at least 10 and injuring 15, and leaving one of the world’s safest big cities with a path of carnage that spread over a kilometre.

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Toronto police officers stand near a damaged van after it mounted a sidewalk crashing into pedestrians in Toronto

Though officials did not say whether the incident was terrorism-related, it marked the latest grim reminder of how a vehicle could be turned into a weapon – in this case, speeding through a crowd at lunch hour on a sunny day, sending people and mailboxes and baby strollers flying, in what eyewitnesses described as a deliberate act.

Toronto Police arrested the driver at the scene, and Chief Mark Saunders identified him as Alek Minassian, a 25-year-old from Richmond Hill, Ontario. Saunders said Minassian was not known to police, and that he did not have a weapon. Police said they did not yet know of a motive.

“We are looking very strongly to what the exact motivation was for this particular incident to take place,” Saunders told a press conference. “At the end of the day, we will have a fulsome answer.”

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A man confronts police in Toronto after a van ran into pedestrians, killing several

The driver was taken into custody after a showdown, captured on video, in which he told officers that he had a weapon and said, “Shoot me in the head”. He gestured at police with an object and then tossed it onto the ground.

A CBC News Canada report suggested Minassian might have been angry over being rebuffed by women and that a LinkedIn profile under the same name appeared to commend a “Supreme Gentleman Elliot Rodger,” who killed six people in a rampage in Isla Vista, California, in 2014.

But Canadian officials were cautious in the aftermath of the incident, saying that they would need a long investigation into one of the country’s bloodiest mass killings. Canada’s public safety minister, Ralph Goodale, said he saw no reason to raise the national terror threat level. A police photo of the suspect and the names of the victims were not immediately released.

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How the tragedy unfolded

Police said the suspect was scheduled to appear in court at 10am on Tuesday local time (midnight AEST), and that information on the charges against him would be released then.

The incident had echoes of vehicle attacks in the French city of Nice, as well as in London and New York City. It’s a method the Islamic State militant group encouraged followers to use to cause terror.

But mentally ill people with no terrorism connections have also carried out such assaults, including in Melbourne’s Swanston Street.

“We lost a little bit of our innocence,” John Filion, a city councillor who represents the area where the incident occurred, said in a phone interview.

“We often think of ourselves as being somewhat excluded from the violence and craziness that goes on in other parts of the world. You just kind of don’t think of Toronto as a place where that kind of violence will come to.”

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Two people comfort each other after a rented van plowed down a crowded sidewalk, killing multiple people in Toronto

Peter Yuen, Toronto police services deputy chief, told reporters: “I can assure the public all our available resources have been brought in to investigate this tragic situation,” according to the Associated Press.

Save for a police helicopter circling overhead, the incident brought an eerie silence to one of the city’s busiest streets, which had been filled on Monday afternoon with people enjoying one of the first warm and sunny days of the year after a long winter.

The attack took place in the centre of North York, a part of Toronto that has grown over the past two decades into a secondary downtown.

The area, dotted with shops, apartment towers and many Korean restaurants, is so heavily trafficked that Toronto’s city council debated widening the foothpaths and reducing lanes of traffic to make it more pedestrian-friendly earlier this year.

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People light candles at a makeshift memorial to the victims in Toronto

“He started going down on the sidewalk and crumbling down people one by one,” Ali Shaker, who was in the vicinity of the incident, told CTV News. “He just destroyed so many people’s lives.” He said the driver was travelling at an estimated 50 to 70 kilometres per hour.

Teresa Nolan, who lives nearby, walked out of the Sheppard subway station – near where the van came to a stop – shortly after the incident occurred, to “a scary scene”. She watched as police officers apprehended the suspect and heard onlookers describing how they performed CPR on the injured.

“I watched it all happen, but didn’t really take it all in until after it ended,” she said.

Nolan has lived in the area for almost two years and “just loves its whole multicultural feel.”

She lives on her own and said she finds the community safe.

“I would never let this deter me,” she said.

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Officials carry a body into a vehicle after the incident police said “definitely looked deliberate”

Late on Monday evening, Irene Lan, who said she had not been following the news all day, arrived in the area, hoping to pick up dinner from her favourite Korean restaurant.

She was bewildered to find what is usually a bustling street transformed into something resembling a ghost town.

“It’s absolutely shocking,” she said.

Late on Monday evening, Irene Lan, who said she had not been following the news all day, arrived in the area, hoping to pick up dinner from her favourite Korean restaurant.

She was bewildered to find what is usually a bustling street transformed into something resembling a ghost town.

“It’s absolutely shocking,” she said.

Source: smh.com.au

There are numerous occasions when the public are exposed to vehicular attack. Street Festivals, Public Events, Demonstrations and Protests, Sporting Events, Outdoor Markets, Music Events or Outdoor Theatre all provide a major element of risk.

AML Risk Management provide sensible Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Systems that are easily installed and dismantled. Highly effective, the Meridian Crash Barrier Systems are designed to stop moving vehicles and are proven to do so – having been tested at stopping a vehicle travelling at 50km/h – successfully.

When planning major events such as street festivals, commemorative events such as Anzac Day, Sporting Events such as Cycling Events, Marathons, or Stadium Events where large crowds gather, call AML Risk Management on 03 9326 2244 for a free, no obligation quotation, or for more information on the Meridian Crash Barrier Systems. Or leave your details here and one of our experienced staff members will get back to you ASAP.

AML Risk Management – Planning, Protection Prevention.

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – Meridian Crash Barriers

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When a requirement arises for Temporary Crash Barriers, the Meridian Crash Barrier systems provide a sensible, efficient, portable mechanism to prevent hostile vehicle intrusions.

The Meridian system has been developed in the USA and used successfully in war-zones such as Afghanistan (Khandahar Airport), Oil and Fuel Refineries, Ports and other locations. It has been tested and confirmed to stop vehicles dead in their tracks travelling at 50km/h.

Here is the final excerpt from the Federal Government’s recommendations on Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – Temporary Barriers. This is precisely when the Meridian system as supplied by AML Risk Management comes into its own.

Re-deployable devices

Re-deployable devices are vehicle security barriers that are kept in storage and can be utilised when there is an increase in the level of threat to a specific location or crowded places generally. These devices are designed solely as protection measures and are generally not customisable.

Meridian Rapid Defense Group           Anti-Vehicle Barriers

There are two significant drawbacks associated with re-deployable HVM devices. The primary disadvantage is the fact that they are intelligence-driven, meaning that they are only effective if the site owner is aware of the threat: they cannot mitigate against a ‘no notice’ attack. A second disadvantage is their utilitarian appearance and consequent inability to respond to the aesthetic requirements of the surrounding environment, although their appearance is less of a concern if they are only operational for short periods of time, as is usually the case.

These drawbacks illustrate the importance of ensuring that permanent fixtures form part of a HVM strategy.

Rapid vehicle deployment barrier

  • Temporary installation
  • No assembly tools required
  • Set up in less than 10 minutes
  • As with permanent barriers, re-deployable barriers should be treated and rated against a recognised standard to resist the impact of the threat vehicle.

Portable barrier-in-a-box

  • Impact tested: 7.5 tonne at 48km/h
  • Temporary or permanent installation
  • Set up in 7 minutes
  • As this barrier is installed to bollards, the distance between them and their impact rating should meet the manufacturer’s specifications

Rapid deployable surface mount

  • Impact tested: 7.5 tonne at 48km/h
  • Short to mid-term installation
  • Deployed at a rate of 1 bollard every 5 minutes

Re-deployable road safety barriers

Road safety barriers such as concrete, steel and plastic water filled jersey barriers are designed to deflect vehicles from leaving the roadway or trafficable lane. These barriers are generally surface mounted and suitable for use as re-deployable traffic calming devices.

Caution must be taken not to use jersey barriers outside of their design specifications.

Improvised vehicle barriers

Vehicles have and continue to be used as improvised vehicle barriers around the world. This type of barrier is an attractive option due to its portability to close accessible gaps on roadways or paths that could be exploited by hostile vehicle attack, or to act as a gate to regulate authorised vehicle entry into a protected zone.

If using vehicles to form part of a barrier system, a comprehensive vehicle dynamics assessment must be conducted to determine suitability. The assessment must consider the size, weight and placement of the barrier vehicle relative to the size, weight and speed of the foreseeable threat (attack vehicle).

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2.02 Every Metre Counts

Achieving a factor of safety

Where possible, barring vehicular access entirely – thus automatically removing threats to the site – is preferable to more elaborate vehicle management designs. This option can also have added operational benefits and reduced risk of accidents or misuse.

In selecting this method, however, consideration should be given to routine and emergency servicing requirements of the asset, as well as surrounding traffic and transport imperatives. The exclusion of traffic from a wide area may increase traffic volumes and congestion in the surrounding local transport network, thus creating a need for wider traffic management plans.

It is important to design barrier systems, both permanent and temporary that clearly define vehicle and pedestrian spaces. Street furniture in accordance with international standards can be used as mitigation, however they should be supplemented with additional traffic calming measures.

Permanent and temporary barrier systems that are not supported with these additional measures as depicted in the photograph(s) only serve to increase the risk to pedestrians in or on the barriers in the event of a vehicle impact.

With all surface mounted barriers, your assessment must also include the predicted penetration distance the barrier and attack vehicle will travel post impact. This distance will inform the factor of safety that is required (space between the barrier line and crowds).

2.03 Vehicle Approaches and Traffic Management Options

Impact angle is measured between the direction of travel of the vehicle and the impact location (between 0-90 degrees).

Owners and operators should consider a variety of traffic management options, including different forms of vehicle approaches.

Even a small reduction in the velocity of a hostile vehicle will have a significant decrease in the amount of energy that vehicle is carrying, thus reducing its impact and permitting less intrusive HVM devices, which may reduce costs.

High speed = high impact = catastrophic result.

A small decrease in speed = a large decrease in energy = reduced impact = less intrusive barriers and possible reduced cost.

There are a variety of traffic management options to help reduce vehicle speed.

Most severe – Head on impact

This impact mode is usually the most severe. The vehicle is fully engaged and the resultant momentum generated by the mass and speed of the vehicle is directed towards the point of impact.

Less severe – Angled impact

This impact mode is less severe than a head-on approach. The angle typically leads to speed loss by redirection of the vehicle.

Least severe – ‘In-turn’ impact

This mode is the least severe.

Lateral acceleration forces inhibit the capability of a vehicle to maintain or increase speed during a turn in.

Longitudinal deflections

Horizontal deflections, such as bends or chicanes, are often employed in urban or residential areas to encourage drivers to slow down. Drivers reduce vehicle speed in order to maintain ride comfort while making the required direction change; this, in turn, results in improved road user safety.

Longitudinal deflections can also be used to limit the maximum speed of a vehicle operated by a determined driver.

Well-designed temporary chicanes can help to slow vehicles in the lead up to a special event area.

Remember: always use barriers within their design specification.

Vertical deflections

Vertical deflections such as road humps, speed cushions and rumble strips are often employed as a visual deterrent and to disrupt ride comfort, encouraging road users to reduce speed. These,
however, typically provide negligible deterrent or speed reduction against a determined hostile vehicle attack.

Inclines

Gradient will affect the ability of a hostile vehicle to maintain speed or accelerate toward an asset, especially for larger, heavier vehicles. Steep inclines may also be used to restrict the line of sight along a potential attack route, thus introducing an element of uncertainty to the attacker.

Use of inclines will require a large amount of physical space so may not be an option unless there is natural incline available in the surrounding topography.

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Conclusion

Smart design

The nature and use of hostile vehicles has evolved in recent years with terrorism and criminal activity, so too has our understanding and response. This evolution is reflected in the design
and implementation of new and innovative physical protective security measures that help prevent and reduce the consequences of an attack.

No longer must we equate effective physical protective security with cold, sterile measures of austerity. Creative innovation is paving the way for seamlessly integrated protection measures that complement and enhance current needs and desires within public and private spaces.

Equally, common sense needs to be applied to the installation of HVM measures by clearly identifying and prioritising the areas that need protection, rather than areas where it is ordinarily
impossible for vehicles to gain access.

It is important not to over-engineer HVM.

Innovative approach = optimised integration By recognising and acknowledging risks during the design stages of a building or public space, it is possible to achieve an optimal, holistic approach to safety through security. This is also the most cost-effective time to implement physical security measures. The MacLeamy Curve below outlines the importance of early considerations.

Where to go next

Not all of the options provided in this document will be applicable or achievable at all sites. A specific and unique site assessment will need to be conducted to establish the most suitable device for each site even if an owner/ operator has multiple similar assets. The surrounding environment will not be the same in each instance and these differences, no matter how subtle, will impact on the nature of the HVM solutions required.

Source: nationalsecurity.gov.au

Call now on 03 9326 2244 or leave your contact details here  for a free, no obligation consultation on providing real protection for your next street event, sporting event or outdoor program.

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#HostileVehicleMitigation

 

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation with AML – Portable Crash Barriers by Meridian do the job.

When events are planned with large crowds in space accessible by vehicles, the thinking behind planning for such events now has to change. In a city where many facilities were designed in times where the population was set at 1–2 million we are now confronted with a wider Greater Melbourne population base of over 5 million, including nearby provincial cities such as Geelong and the Mornington Peninsular. The simple fact is that within such a population base there will be those that are seriously unbalanced or unhinged mentally as has been demonstrated with both the Bourke St rampage and the Flinders St incident.

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It’s time in many instances to provide permanent Hostile Vehicle Mitigation systems to protect areas such as Transport Hubs, Pedestrian Malls and Sporting Facilities.

But in other instances, such as Street Festivals, outdoor markets and peaceful demonstrations, it is now necessary to provide portable units that can be installed quickly, cost effectively and removed upon the event or function finishing.

AML Risk Management now operate and provide the Meridian Crash Barrier systems as a truly effective Hostile Vehicle Mitigation protective management system. For further information on the Meridian Crash Barriers please click here. The systems have been used at the South Melbourne Market in inner Melbourne and will be used on Anzac Day to protect marchers.

The Meridian Crash Barrier system will stop a hostile vehicle completely even up to 50km/h!

The Federal Government has developed a security strategy to prevent such vehicular attacks and we continue our reprints on the working paper created.

Vehicle Security Barriers (VSBs)

VSBs can be passive (static) or active (functioning/ mechanical) in their operation. Active devices are susceptible to mechanical failures and human error/ deception techniques, and require maintenance and ongoing costs; accordingly, passive barriers are preferred when there is no operational requirement to provide vehicle access into an area.

When selecting a barrier the foundation and installation is just as important to consider as the barrier itself. Poorly designed foundations can compromise the performance of a barrier in resisting high-energy hostile vehicle impacts.

Manufacturers offering an impact-tested VSB should also be able to offer a tested and approved foundation design for that product. Other considerations when installing a VSB include:

  • The presence of underground obstructions
  • Ground conditions
  • The perceived calculated impact loading
  • Protection to underground services in close proximity

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Foundation requirements

Passive barriers

There are a great number of options for creating effective passive barriers around an asset. They need not be costly to install and can easily fulfil aesthetic requirements of the space and its patrons, as well as the requirements of HVM.

A balance should be struck between proportionate security measures, the needs of the local businesses and functionality of public space. It is possible to integrate bespoke HVM measures into most public realm features.

Urban elements that can be used include:

  • Landscape features (e.g. sculpted or clad earthworks, steep verges)
  • Shrouded bollards (i.e. designed to match local architecture)
  • Decorative, structural or energy absorbing planters (i.e. more aesthetically acceptable)
  • Strengthened ‘light’ structures (e.g. bus or smoking shelter, information sign)
  • Large immovable landmarks (e.g. statues, walls)
  • Integrated street furniture (e.g. lighting column, traffic signal, seating, cycle rack)
  • Level changes (e.g. steps, high kerbs)
  • Water features (e.g. fountain, pond or pool)

Defining vehicle and pedestrian spaces

Designing and protecting pedestrian-only areas around assets is essential not only to protect pedestrians who would ordinarily use the space, but has the added benefit of restricting vehicle access to the buildings, creating standoff and natural barriers.

The best way to protect pedestrians is to create clearly defined pathways separate from vehicles. This can be achieved through the use of barriers along the edge of footpaths or by integrating walkways into new developments that limit vehicle accessibility but maintain easy access for pedestrians ensuring their safety. Designs like these may also help reduce the opportunity for accidental collisions between pedestrians and cars, which are quite common in carparks.

There are various designs that can help to define and reinforce pedestrian areas but should not be relied upon as the sole source of protection. These can include:

  • Raised footpath
  • Cobbles near gutter
  • Lights on the ground (car parks)
  • Verge; and
  • Medium strip

Stairs will stop most but not all vehicles and can be used to add a level of protection to high-pedestrian areas or gathering points. Their main use is in mitigating out of control vehicles, or slowing down determined vehicles; they may also act as a visual deterrent (target hardening). However, they should not be solely relied upon to protect critical infrastructure, since some vehicles (short wheel base and high front end) can easily mount stairs.

The images to the left show Civic Pavilion precinct in Sydney which incorporates a combination of stairs, a sculptured garden structure, and bollards to separate the pedestrian space from vehicles.

Access for emergency and maintenance vehicles into the space is managed through the use of removable bollards.

The venue provides a good example of how effective but subtle vehicle mitigation options can be integrated into the design, establishing a pedestrian environment safe from the risk of hostile vehicles.

Separating vehicle and pedestrian spaces can be achieved by strategically placing vehicle security barriers to define those spaces. Installing metal bollards on the edge of the roadway, in the image below, provides protection for pedestrians against a vehicle attack.

The large pedestrian space between the building and roadway creates additional stand-off distance that significantly reduces the building’s vulnerability to a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED).

The option of seating as a mitigation device at this location would not be appropriate, since the absence of a raised gutter between the roadway and pedestrian pavement increases the risk of injury to pedestrians in the event of a vehicle impact.

In designing pedestrian only spaces, consideration must be given to the volume of people (including wheelchairs and prams) movement in and out of a venue, together with access to the space by emergency and maintenance vehicles. This coupled with a comprehensive vehicle dynamics assessment should influence the shape and style of appropriate vehicle security barriers.

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Semi structural

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Sculpture and street

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Riverside upgrade: sculptured feature

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Riverside upgrade: sculptured feature

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Water feature

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Suitable space for passive barriers

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Steps on a pedestrian street

Hostile vehicle guidelines for crowded places

Remember

  • For effective barrier placement the maximum clearance between two barriers should be no wider than 1200mm
  • The barriers should also have a minimum height of 500mm

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There may be naturally formed barriers located around a site that could be used as part of a secure perimeter. Natural barriers could include rivers, ponds, lakes, densely wooded areas, steep slopes or changes in ground level that will either divert attack or preclude vehicle passage.

Where these features do not naturally occur it may be feasible to engineer them. In these cases, consideration must be given to access and egress paths for pedestrians and general crowd management around the venue or asset.

The recommended solutions are to construct a ditch, bund or combination of the two. Considerations such as cost (and long-term cost benefit), availability of materials/production facilities, ground conditions and architectural advantage will influence the choice of options.

Trees and fences

Trees

The use of individual trees as a VSB is not generally recommended. This is because full-scale impact testing of trees has indicated that trees do not necessarily perform well against a determined hostile vehicle impact.

Where an existing tree cannot be moved and forms part of the physical perimeter, a number of factors should be considered:

  • Tree health
  • Stability of local ground conditions around the tree roots
  • Trimming of branches to remove climbing aids (e.g. over a perimeter fence); and
  • Lines of sight for guard-forces and CCTV surveillance.

Where areas of bush, forest or other densely packed trees are present to form a natural barrier, the combined resistance will likely be more effective against determined vehicular impact. In this instance, any gaps between trees may only require lower grade infill HVM measures to prevent a slow speed encroachment attack.

Fences

Most conventional fences are not a viable option for a HVM measure; they are easily breached by vehicles at low speeds and should only be used where vehicle speed is restricted by terrain or
approach. Fences are better suited to assist perimeter monitoring by installing perimeter intruder detection systems (PIDS) like motion sensors on the fences.

Active barriers

If vehicle access to the asset is required, then active barriers can be used to identify and monitor vehicles allowed past the standoff perimeter.

Use of an active VSB is required for control of vehicle access. The term “active” refers to the system’s ability to operate from closed (secure) to open, and could take a number of forms, such as:

  • Retractable bollard;
  • Retractable blocker; and
  • Folding, sliding, swinging, rising-arm gate.

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Retractable bollard

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Retractable bollard and rising-arm gate

An active VSB can be manually operated by a person or powered (e.g. hydraulic power source). A VSB should be selected not only on the basis of performance or operational requirements, but also
cost. Careful consideration should be made by the consultant and purchaser as to the full cost of a VSB, especially post-installation costs and long-term requirements such as:

  • Training;
  • Service requirements;
  • Maintenance and repairs;
  • Spare parts;
  • Environment e.g. salt corrosion;
  • Positioning of controls e.g. ensure they are secure; and not accessible by the public;
  • Drainage issues.

If an active VSB is required then a well-designed vehicle access control point should ensure that guards are not put under undue pressure or distracted by traffic management requirements that
might prevent their being able to carry out security procedures safely and securely.

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Vehicle access control point

The ideal VACP deploys two rows of VSB at the end of a VSB enforced chicane. One row at the start and another at the end of a VSB enforced chicane as per diagram. This creates a contained secure zone that a vehicle cannot enter or leave until authorised by the guard forces or an automatic access control system. This type of VACP uses up a lot of land space and is expensive to install and maintain; thus, while ideal, this type of VACP is only suitable to certain areas.

Imperative to control points are rejection lanes, search bays or parking facilities that have not been illustrated in this diagram.

Standards for vehicle security barriers

International Standards Organisation (ISO), International Workshop Agreement (IWA) 14-1 & 14-2. 2013.

Part 1 relates to the performance requirement, impact test method and performance rating.

IWA 14 -2 :2013

Part 2 relates to the application of vehicle security barriers.

The selection and installation of vehicle security barriers must include consideration of relevant legislation and general crowd management. For example; public access and safety, accessibility for wheelchairs and prams.

Source: nationalsecurity.gov.au

AML Risk Management can provide both the planning, expertise and installation of the Meridian Crash Barrier system as is required, as well as timely removal upon completion of any event.

Remember AML Risk Management for Planning, Prevention and Protection. It’s the right choice.