What is Hostile Vehicle Mitigation

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Hostile Vehicle Mitigation

Vehicle-borne threats range from vandalism to sophisticated or aggressive attack by determined criminals or terrorists or simply a mentally unstable individual losing control. The mobility and payload capacity of a vehicle offers a convenient delivery mechanism for a large explosive device, although the vehicle itself may be used as a weapon. Determining a vehicle-borne threat, assessing site strengths and vulnerabilities, and identifying suitable options for Hostile Vehicle Mitigation (HVM) measures is simply sensible planning.

Determining the type of vehicle-borne threat being faced

When specifying the nature of the vehicle-borne threat it is important to understand:

  • Modus Operandi (MO).  This includes parked, penetrative, encroachment, deception and duress or a combination of attack methods including surreptitious and forcible attack on the barrier, or simply opportunistic and unplanned chaos
  • Threat vehicle(s) – Unmodified road vehicles with specific characteristics – mass, speed and structure, as well as vehicle specific capabilities

For explosive situations:

  • Blast effect – especially if considering VBIED attack
  • Blast stand-off distance – must be considered in conjunction with the site operational needs and security plan

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How to assess the strengths and vulnerabilities of my site to vehicle-borne threats?

Once the nature of threat is understood, practitioners should take a methodical and considered approach to determine their safety objectives and highlight security vulnerabilities:

  • Develop detailed security requirements for Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – Operational Requirements (OR)
  • User Requirement Document (URD) if not covered in the detailed requirements – addressing additional business needs e.g. stakeholder liaison, planning and design
  • Practical site assessment – a layered approach incorporating the local area, blast stand-off, traffic management and vehicle access control
  • Technical assessment –  Vehicle Dynamics Assessment (VDA) at specific locations based on the relevant threat vehicle(s)
  • Liaison with technical or security

How can I reduce the vulnerability of my site and mitigate vehicle-borne threats?

Based on the agreed objectives and site assessment, a range of options can be incorporated into the design of a robust HVM strategy:

  • Principles of hostile vehicle mitigation – determine the aims of the HVM strategy and how it will integrate with other site security measures
  • Traffic calming – can be used to limit vehicle approach speeds to a manageable level
  • Vehicle Security Barriers (VSB) –  provide proven vehicle impact protection and maintain blast stand-off.
  • Traffic management – when and how legitimate traffic will access the site
  • Vehicle access control – consider deployment of active Vehicle Security Barriers solutions, access procedures, long term operational management and emergency access

Public realm integration

Integration of HVM measures within the public realm is increasingly common and whilst requiring the application of informed design choices meeting the needs of numerous stakeholders, can provide proportionate security measures without impinging on the needs of local businesses or functionality

Source: https://www.cpni.gov.uk/hostile-vehicle-mitigation

One of the best options is the Meridian Defence Group’s specially designed Crash Barriers.

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AML Risk Management are the Australian providers of the Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barriers – the Archer 1200 system. The Archer 1200 system has been deployed here in Melbourne at the South Melbourne Market for the Mussels and Jazz Festival, as well as at several Anzac Day Commemoration events. These events attracted large pedestrian crowds. The Archer 1200 units provide real protection from hostile vehicles. A vehicle weighing 1.5 tonnes travelling at 30mph is stopped instantly and effectively by these barriers.

The Archer 1200 units can be easily deployed by one or two persons as well as demounted in the same manner.

With significant crowds gathering in places not specifically designed for crowd movement there is real need to protect such people from hostile vehicles.

To arrange a free no-obligation quotation or simply to facilitate an informational consultation please call 9326 2244 and ask for M/s Emerald Forrest, Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Supervisor or her colleague M/s Irene Rentifis. Emerald can provide an accurate assessment and analysis of your event’s exposure to hostile vehicle intrusion and recommend strategies to protect your event and its patrons.

AML Risk Management – for real Planning, Protection and Prevention.

 

The Risk of Hostile Vehicle Attacks on Melbourne’s Major Sporting Events.

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Melbourne is recognised as the ‘Sporting Capital’ of Australia. its reputation is that of a sports mad population. Major events such as the AFL Final series, the Spring Racing Carnival and the Australian Tennis Open draw huge crowds of up to and over 100,000 people per day regularly. Add to these events such as the International Rugby, State of Origin Rugby League, Boxing Day Test Cricket, Day/night and Big Bash Cricket, there are continual events over Spring and Summer attracting huge crowds. With the pre-event parades included, such as the Grand Final Parade and Melbourne Cup Parade, and there are staggering numbers of people ‘on the streets’ connected with major Sporting Events.

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Sporting Events have previously been targeted in both Europe and the USA by militant terrorist groups. Both al Queda’s propaganda publication – Inspire, and the IS online magazine ‘Rumiyah’ suggest and recommend attacks on major sporting events.

The al Queda publication’s call to action (released four years ago) called for bombing attacks against targets such as the US Tennis Open, the UK FA Cup, the English Premiere League and the League Cup in France.

In a more sinister move, more recently the Islamic State’s magazine ‘Rumiyah’ called for Truck and Knife attacks on events where crowds gather.

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Quite simply, Australian sporting events represent very soft targets. In Europe, these events are heavily guarded by armed police and security forces. Heavily armed police with exposed ‘carried’ automatic weapons in substantial numbers protect such events. Obviously this is based on both previous assaults and recent intelligence.

As of August 2017 over 600 people world-wide had been killed or injured by vehicle rammings. It is time to recognise Australia is not immune.

For anyone who has attended a major Sporting Event in Melbourne, the vulnerability is obvious. At Caulfield Racecourse on Cup Day there are roadside crowds of up to 2-3000 people prior to the gates opening. At the MCG the roadway around the ground and entrances hold up to 10,000 people just prior to major games. The Australian Tennis Open Tournament regularly sees similar crowds roadside prior to major matches.

There are police in attendance and there are concrete bollards and water filled barriers in place. But the reality is that these will provide little protection in the event of a concerted, well planned vehicle attack.

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Water filled barriers and concrete bollards are easily pushed aside. Police are armed with sidearm weapons. There needs to be a far stronger and more practical barrier to such types of attack.

The Meridian Defence Group’s Archer 1200 Crash Barrier system is designed for precisely this purpose. The unit has been thoroughly tested to the most rigorous safety standards in both Europe and in North America. A vehicle of 1.5 tonne will be completely stopped by this unit when travelling at a speed of 50km/h. The units are portable, requiring either one or two persons to deploy and demount. The Archer 1200 has been successfully used in fields of war (Kandahar Airport in Afghanistan) and around fuel depots and refineries in the US.

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Here it has been successfully deployed at venues such as the South Melbourne Market (The Mussels and Jazz Festival) and at Anzac Day ceremonies this year.

For further information on the Meridian Barriers please click here

For a free no-obligation consultation and quotation please call 9326 2244 and speak with M/s Emerald Forrest, AML Risk Management’s Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Systems Co-ordinator or her associate M/s Irene Rentifis.

The Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barrier Systems are available exclusively through AML Risk Management here in Australia.

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Ensure your next major sporting event provides real protection for patrons attending. Create a genuine hard perimeter that is planned, prevents vehicle intrusions and protects all venue participants.

AML Risk Management – Planning, Prevention and Protection

Crash Barriers Save Lives

The recent tragedy this week in Charlottesville, Carolina in the USA clearly illustrates the absolute common sense in deploying portable barriers to block vehicular traffic where crowds may be at risk.

Watch the video of the incident. It’s simply frightening. The driver of the Dodge Challenger accelerates and slams into two parked cars and the many pedestrians on the road.

It’s a clear message that Police and City Authorities worldwide need to consider portable crash barriers and then deploy them at ‘at risk’ events and venues.

Watch this video of a car travelling at approximately 55km/h hitting such Crash Barriers…

In this case the barriers are the Meridian Archer 1200 Rapid Defence Barriers. Note that the vehicle is stopped completely. Yes, the barriers would probably require personnel keeping a space clear behind them, but it’s obvious that the carnage that occurred in Charlottesville would have been avoided should these units have been deployed.

Now watch this video which demonstrates the simplicity and ease in which the Meridian Archer 1200 Barriers can be unloaded and deployed – with only one person if necessary.

It makes real sense to make such an investment in protecting lives. In the first video there are bollards protecting the footpaths on either side of the road. But the footage clearly demonstrates that when roads are occupied by crowds – for any reason – there is need to provide real protection from those – of any political, ideological persuasion or simply those of unstable mental capacity – who would do them harm.

The vehicle has now become one of the weapons of choice with IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices), automatic weapons and blades. In the last year we have witnessed Nice, Berlin, Charlottesville and Melbourne being subjected to vehicular attack, generally by unstable individuals. What they do or don’t believe is irrelevant. The real challenge is to protect people as effectively as possible from death and serious injury. Mobile Rapid Defence Barriers achieve this as is evidenced in the videos presented.

AML Risk Management can deploy such crash barriers anywhere in Melbourne at short notice. The Meridian Group work to the adage of Plan, Prepare, Protect. At AML we not only agree but insist on this approach, it is the foundation of the service we provide.

It’s time to take action now. Action that is effective and timely. There are no second chances.

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