What is Hostile Vehicle Mitigation

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Hostile Vehicle Mitigation

Vehicle-borne threats range from vandalism to sophisticated or aggressive attack by determined criminals or terrorists or simply a mentally unstable individual losing control. The mobility and payload capacity of a vehicle offers a convenient delivery mechanism for a large explosive device, although the vehicle itself may be used as a weapon. Determining a vehicle-borne threat, assessing site strengths and vulnerabilities, and identifying suitable options for Hostile Vehicle Mitigation (HVM) measures is simply sensible planning.

Determining the type of vehicle-borne threat being faced

When specifying the nature of the vehicle-borne threat it is important to understand:

  • Modus Operandi (MO).  This includes parked, penetrative, encroachment, deception and duress or a combination of attack methods including surreptitious and forcible attack on the barrier, or simply opportunistic and unplanned chaos
  • Threat vehicle(s) – Unmodified road vehicles with specific characteristics – mass, speed and structure, as well as vehicle specific capabilities

For explosive situations:

  • Blast effect – especially if considering VBIED attack
  • Blast stand-off distance – must be considered in conjunction with the site operational needs and security plan

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How to assess the strengths and vulnerabilities of my site to vehicle-borne threats?

Once the nature of threat is understood, practitioners should take a methodical and considered approach to determine their safety objectives and highlight security vulnerabilities:

  • Develop detailed security requirements for Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – Operational Requirements (OR)
  • User Requirement Document (URD) if not covered in the detailed requirements – addressing additional business needs e.g. stakeholder liaison, planning and design
  • Practical site assessment – a layered approach incorporating the local area, blast stand-off, traffic management and vehicle access control
  • Technical assessment –  Vehicle Dynamics Assessment (VDA) at specific locations based on the relevant threat vehicle(s)
  • Liaison with technical or security

How can I reduce the vulnerability of my site and mitigate vehicle-borne threats?

Based on the agreed objectives and site assessment, a range of options can be incorporated into the design of a robust HVM strategy:

  • Principles of hostile vehicle mitigation – determine the aims of the HVM strategy and how it will integrate with other site security measures
  • Traffic calming – can be used to limit vehicle approach speeds to a manageable level
  • Vehicle Security Barriers (VSB) –  provide proven vehicle impact protection and maintain blast stand-off.
  • Traffic management – when and how legitimate traffic will access the site
  • Vehicle access control – consider deployment of active Vehicle Security Barriers solutions, access procedures, long term operational management and emergency access

Public realm integration

Integration of HVM measures within the public realm is increasingly common and whilst requiring the application of informed design choices meeting the needs of numerous stakeholders, can provide proportionate security measures without impinging on the needs of local businesses or functionality

Source: https://www.cpni.gov.uk/hostile-vehicle-mitigation

One of the best options is the Meridian Defence Group’s specially designed Crash Barriers.

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AML Risk Management are the Australian providers of the Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barriers – the Archer 1200 system. The Archer 1200 system has been deployed here in Melbourne at the South Melbourne Market for the Mussels and Jazz Festival, as well as at several Anzac Day Commemoration events. These events attracted large pedestrian crowds. The Archer 1200 units provide real protection from hostile vehicles. A vehicle weighing 1.5 tonnes travelling at 30mph is stopped instantly and effectively by these barriers.

The Archer 1200 units can be easily deployed by one or two persons as well as demounted in the same manner.

With significant crowds gathering in places not specifically designed for crowd movement there is real need to protect such people from hostile vehicles.

To arrange a free no-obligation quotation or simply to facilitate an informational consultation please call 9326 2244 and ask for M/s Emerald Forrest, Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Supervisor or her colleague M/s Irene Rentifis. Emerald can provide an accurate assessment and analysis of your event’s exposure to hostile vehicle intrusion and recommend strategies to protect your event and its patrons.

AML Risk Management – for real Planning, Protection and Prevention.

 

The Risk of Hostile Vehicle Attacks on Melbourne’s Major Sporting Events.

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Melbourne is recognised as the ‘Sporting Capital’ of Australia. its reputation is that of a sports mad population. Major events such as the AFL Final series, the Spring Racing Carnival and the Australian Tennis Open draw huge crowds of up to and over 100,000 people per day regularly. Add to these events such as the International Rugby, State of Origin Rugby League, Boxing Day Test Cricket, Day/night and Big Bash Cricket, there are continual events over Spring and Summer attracting huge crowds. With the pre-event parades included, such as the Grand Final Parade and Melbourne Cup Parade, and there are staggering numbers of people ‘on the streets’ connected with major Sporting Events.

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Sporting Events have previously been targeted in both Europe and the USA by militant terrorist groups. Both al Queda’s propaganda publication – Inspire, and the IS online magazine ‘Rumiyah’ suggest and recommend attacks on major sporting events.

The al Queda publication’s call to action (released four years ago) called for bombing attacks against targets such as the US Tennis Open, the UK FA Cup, the English Premiere League and the League Cup in France.

In a more sinister move, more recently the Islamic State’s magazine ‘Rumiyah’ called for Truck and Knife attacks on events where crowds gather.

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Quite simply, Australian sporting events represent very soft targets. In Europe, these events are heavily guarded by armed police and security forces. Heavily armed police with exposed ‘carried’ automatic weapons in substantial numbers protect such events. Obviously this is based on both previous assaults and recent intelligence.

As of August 2017 over 600 people world-wide had been killed or injured by vehicle rammings. It is time to recognise Australia is not immune.

For anyone who has attended a major Sporting Event in Melbourne, the vulnerability is obvious. At Caulfield Racecourse on Cup Day there are roadside crowds of up to 2-3000 people prior to the gates opening. At the MCG the roadway around the ground and entrances hold up to 10,000 people just prior to major games. The Australian Tennis Open Tournament regularly sees similar crowds roadside prior to major matches.

There are police in attendance and there are concrete bollards and water filled barriers in place. But the reality is that these will provide little protection in the event of a concerted, well planned vehicle attack.

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Water filled barriers and concrete bollards are easily pushed aside. Police are armed with sidearm weapons. There needs to be a far stronger and more practical barrier to such types of attack.

The Meridian Defence Group’s Archer 1200 Crash Barrier system is designed for precisely this purpose. The unit has been thoroughly tested to the most rigorous safety standards in both Europe and in North America. A vehicle of 1.5 tonne will be completely stopped by this unit when travelling at a speed of 50km/h. The units are portable, requiring either one or two persons to deploy and demount. The Archer 1200 has been successfully used in fields of war (Kandahar Airport in Afghanistan) and around fuel depots and refineries in the US.

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Here it has been successfully deployed at venues such as the South Melbourne Market (The Mussels and Jazz Festival) and at Anzac Day ceremonies this year.

For further information on the Meridian Barriers please click here

For a free no-obligation consultation and quotation please call 9326 2244 and speak with M/s Emerald Forrest, AML Risk Management’s Hostile Vehicle Mitigation Systems Co-ordinator or her associate M/s Irene Rentifis.

The Meridian Defence Group’s Crash Barrier Systems are available exclusively through AML Risk Management here in Australia.

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Ensure your next major sporting event provides real protection for patrons attending. Create a genuine hard perimeter that is planned, prevents vehicle intrusions and protects all venue participants.

AML Risk Management – Planning, Prevention and Protection

Hostile Vehicle Attacks in the Northern Hemisphere

Many people have commented on Terrorist Attacks here on this page when mention of Hostile Vehicle Attacks is made. Simplistic responses such as the banning of ethnic or religious minorities, closing down immigration and punitive methodologies against those wearing religious garb have all been canvassed.

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Put simply none of these measures will prevent a hostile vehicle from causing Death or Injury. Active insurgents simply do not play by the rules. They do not announce their intentions or telegraph their beliefs. Quite simply they carry out their intended actions causing mass chaos, injury and destruction with absolutely no forward warning. The only thing that can effectively prevent such actions is a solid, well tested Hostile Vehicle Mitigation System – such as the Meridian Rapid Defence Group’s Archer 1200 Barriers. In Australia these units are available exclusively through AML Risk Management.

Take a look here at the relevant history of Hostile Vehicle Attacks in the Northern Hemisphere. There is a distinct pattern and it is evident that this is dependent on the physical accessibility of Europe and European cities to the Middle Eastern War Zones. The US and Canada are also high level targets. Australia is far more difficult for these groups but as recent events in Sydney with regard to Aviation prove – not impossible.

Terrorist Attacks by Vehicle Fast Facts

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Police evacuate Stockholm Central Train Station after a truck crashed into a department store injuring several people in Stockholm, Sweden, Friday April 7, 2017.

Editors Note: This is a selective list which only includes attacks involving civilians.

(CNN) Here is some background information on terror attacks involving vehicles used as deadly weapons by radicalized individuals or terror groups.

Facts:

Al Qaeda’s Yemeni branch encouraged its Western recruits to use trucks as weapons. A 2010 webzine article, “The Ultimate Mowing Machine,” called for deploying a pickup truck as a “mowing machine, not to mow grass but mow down the enemies of Allah.”

In September 2014, ISIS spokesman Abu Mohammad al-Adnani called for lone wolf attacks using improvised weaponry, “If you are not able to find an IED or a bullet, then single out the disbelieving American, Frenchman or any of their allies. Smash his head with a rock or slaughter him with a knife or run him over with your car or throw him down from a high place or choke him or poison him.”

Timeline:

March 3, 2006 – Mohammed Taheri-azar, an Iranian-American, drives an SUV into an area crowded with students at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Nine people sustain minor injuries during the attack, which Teheri-azar later says is retribution for the killing of Muslims overseas. He is convicted of attempted murder in 2008 and is sentenced to 33 years in prison.

October 22, 2014 – A three-month old girl and an Ecuadorian tourist are killed when a driver swerves into a crowd at a light rail station in Jerusalem. The driver, Abdel Rahman al-Shaludi is shot and killed by police. Israeli media reported he published militant writing on Facebook and supported Hamas, a fundamentalist Islamic group that has conducted attacks in Gaza and the West Bank, but his family denied he supported Hamas or any terror organization.

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July 14, 2016 – After a Bastille Day fireworks display in Nice, France, a man drives a 20-ton rental truck into the crowd, striking and killing 86 people. The attacker, Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel, 31, a Tunisian national, drives nearly a mile on the beachfront promenade before he is shot and killed by authorities. French officials say Bouhlel seemed to become radicalized “very quickly” by ISIS propaganda before the attack. He also suffered from mental illness, according to his father.

November 28, 2016 – At Ohio State University, 11 people are injured when a student, Abdul Razak Ali Artan, 18, carries out a car and knife attack. A campus police officer shoots and kills Artan, whom police believe was inspired by ISIS and the radical cleric, Anwar al-Awlaki.

December 19, 2016 – A Tunisian man drives a tractor trailer into a Christmas market in Berlin, killing 12 people. In the wake of the attack, authorities conduct a manhunt for Anis Amri, 24, throughout Europe. He is shot and killed by police in Milan, Italy, four days after the attack. Hours after Amri dies, ISIS releases a video of him pledging allegiance to the terrorist group.

March 22, 2017 – A man drives an SUV into a crowd on the sidewalk along the Westminster Bridge in London, killing at least four. After ramming the car into a barrier outside the House of Parliament, the driver exits the vehicle and stabs a police officer to death. The attacker is then gunned down by a police officer. The assailant, Khalid Masood, 52, of West Midlands, reportedly had a criminal record and may have had connections to violent extremism, British Prime Minister Theresa May says.

April 7, 2017 – Four people are killed, when a truck drives into pedestrians on a busy street in the center of Stockholm, Sweden, before crashing into a department store. A fifth victim dies from her injuries three weeks later. The attacker, Rakhmat Akilov, a 39-year-old from Uzbekistan, admitted to carrying out a “terrorist crime,” his lawyer says. Akilov is later sentenced to life in prison.

June 3, 2017 – Eight people are killed in two terror attacks in central London before police shoot three suspects dead, the Metropolitan police say. The violence begins when a van swerves into throngs of pedestrians on London Bridge. The suspects then jump out the van and proceed on foot to nearby Borough Market, a popular nightlife spot, where witnesses say they produce knives and slash indiscriminately at people in restaurants and bars. At least 48 people are taken to hospitals, according to the London Ambulance Service.

June 19, 2017 – Just after midnight, a van plows into a group of pedestrians who had attended late-night prayers at London’s Finsbury Park Mosque, killing one man and injuring 11 people. The driver is arrested at the scene for attempted murder and further held on suspicion of terrorism offenses. The suspect is later identified as Darren Osborne, 47, a resident of Cardiff in Wales, according to multiple UK media outlets. Osborne is later sentenced to life imprisonment with a minimum term of 43 years.

August 16-18, 2017 – At least 13 people are killed and about 100 are injured on August 17th after a van plows through a crowd of people in a popular tourist district in Barcelona, Spain. Two suspects are arrested, but the driver gets away, according to police. ISIS’ media wing, Amaq, issues a statement claiming responsibility, saying that the attackers are “soldiers of the Islamic State.” On August 18th, in Cambrils, a coastal city around 100 kilometers from Barcelona, five attackers drive an Audi A3 into several pedestrians, killing one. The attackers are shot and killed by police. A house explosion on August 16th, in Alcanar, south of Barcelona, is also believed to be connected to the attacks.

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September 30-October 1, 2017 – On September 30 in Edmonton, Canada, a man purposely strikes a police officer with a white Chevrolet Malibu before jumping out of the vehicle, stabbing the officer several times with a knife and fleeing on foot. There is an ISIS flag in the car, which is later seized as evidence. Just before midnight that same day, a police officer stops a U-Haul truck at a checkpoint and recognizes the driver’s name as similar to that of the Chevrolet’s registered owner. The U-Haul truck then speeds off towards downtown Edmonton. During the chase, the truck deliberately attempts to hit pedestrians in crosswalks and alleys, injuring at least four pedestrians. Abdulahi Hasan Sharif, 30, a Somali refugee, is later charged with five counts of attempted murder, dangerous driving, criminal flight causing bodily harm and possession of a weapon for a dangerous purpose.

October 31, 2017 – Eight people are killed and almost a dozen injured when a 29-year-old man in a rented pickup truck drives down a busy bicycle path near the World Trade Center in New York. The captured suspect has been identified as Sayfullo Habibullaevic Saipov. Authorities found a note near the truck used in the incident, claiming the attack was made in the name of ISIS, a senior law enforcement official said.

Source: cnn.com

In Australia it has been mentally unstable individuals who have caused damage, loss of life and injury. It is immaterial as to why someone acts so, the real issue is prevention and the protection of human life.

The Meridian Archer 1200 system is adaptable to many informal and casual street gatherings and large temporary crowds. Read about it here.

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It is portable, yet effective and can be deployed by one or two people.

Call now on 03 9326 2244 and ask for Emerald Forrest, our hostile vehicle Mitigation Services Coordinator, for a free no-obligation consultation. or leave your details here and one of our operatives will get back to you promptly.

Choose AML Risk Management and the Meridian Rapid Defence Group’s Archer 1200.

Planning, Protection, Prevention. It’s the AML Risk Management program. Strategise to Protect and Prevent.

 

AML Risk Management and Meridian – Providing Hostile Vehicle Barriers for large public events.

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The following is a press release from the USA. It features both AML Risk Management and our partner Meridian Rapid Defence Group. AML Risk Management is now deploying Meridian Hostile Vehicle Mitigation systems (Crash Barriers) here in Victoria. Easy to install and dismantle – the systems have been tested to stop vehicles travelling at 50km/h dead in their tracks.

For Street Festivals, Sporting Events, Food Festivals, Street Markets or major demonstrations, the Meridian Crash Barriers – Vehicle Mitigation systems, provide real surety, safety, protection and prevention from hostile vehicles. Call AML Risk Management now on 03 9326 2244 for further information, or leave your details here for a prompt response.

MERIDIAN EXPANDS HOSTILE VEHICLE BARRIER BUSINESS TO SERVE RENTAL DEMANDS IN AUSTRALIA

Certified Archer 1200 Portable Vehicle Barrier

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Meets International Guidelines for Best-In-Class Protection

Melbourne, Victoria (April 27, 2018) – Worldwide demand for immediate vehicle mitigation has opened up a new market in major cities across Australia. Meridian Rapid Defense Group (Meridian) has partnered with AML Risk Management Pyt Ltd (AML) to offer the first US DOD and PAS 68 portable vehicle barriers on a rental basis. Recent deployments include the South Melbourne Market Mussel and Jazz Festival (March 10-11) and the ANZAC Day Dawn Service in Torquay attended by an estimated 5,000 on April 25th.

The Archer 1200 barrier design combines certified stopping power with the ease of deployment required to service ad hoc outdoor events where large crowds are at risk from hostile vehicle engagement. Communities can pro-actively address security needs via equipment rental without the often-lengthy process for city or government purchase programs.

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“The need is now,” says AML Managing Director Andrew Duffy. “Every weekend in cities across Australia, people are out enjoying concerts, shopping, markets – the Archer 1200s can be positioned in minutes to provide a protective barrier between pedestrians and danger.”

The South Melbourne Market event is a typical situation where roadways are closed down to make way for street festivals filled with pedestrians. Large crowds near active roadways can be targeted by car ramming terrorists. Often times, the only protections are aluminum fencing and safety cones. Communities are often slow to address the risk.

The recent tragedy in Toronto demonstrates that attacks are happening in cities outside of London, Paris and New York. “It is a sad reality that the threat is real and growing,” adds Duffy. “Communities are struggling with how to deal it. Being able to rent these barriers gives cities a way to act now – without lengthy planning and budget processes.”

The Archer 1200 portable barrier is in use globally by military, police and major sports venues including the Melbourne & Olympic Parks. Other deployments include Kandahar Airfield, Pasadena’s Rose Bowl Stadium and the upscale, open-air malls of the Caruso Group.

“We are about keeping people, places and communities safer,” says Meridian CEO Peter Whitford. “We want to get these barriers out in the field so they can do their jobs. Expanding to rental allows us to help events – large and small – on virtually a moment’s notice.”

The Archer 1200 has an additional feature which makes it particularly suited to public events. Barrier units are spaced about a meter apart and connected with steel Arrestor CablesTM. The set up prevents vehicle breach yet allows free flow of pedestrians and quick access for emergency vehicles.

“There are so many factors that have to go into providing a secure location,” adds Whitford. “You need to nail perimeter safety, but you can cause even more problems if you create a fortress atmosphere.” Whitford cites the case of the recent Las Vegas shooting where high fencing prevented evacuations and access to wounded by first responders. Portable, modular barriers allow security teams to design highly flexible plans that can adapt to changing situations. In addition, the barriers balance the mix of showing strength while maintaining an aesthetic appeal.

For more information about Archer 1200 barrier rentals, contact AML at events@amlrisk.com.au or Meridian at info@betterbarriers.com.

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About Meridian Rapid Defense Group

Meridian is headquartered in Pasadena, California and operates in the U.S., Europe, Asia and Australia as perimeter security specialists. Meridian develops anti-vehicle barrier systems that are engineered for speed of deployment. The flexibility of the system allows tactical or military forces to quickly secure politically, economically or environmentally important sites for short and long durations. Their product line is focused on anchored and unanchored portable vehicle mitigation barriers as well as the supporting elements that ensure a fast and effective deployment.

http://www.betterbarriers.com

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About AML Risk Management Ptd Lty

AML Risk Management is a licensed and experienced Security Firm which operates at an industry leading standard. Our experienced team of trained professionals strive to complete every task to the satisfaction of the client. Part of our goal is to maintain the flexibility to cater for the unique security needs of any event at any capacity. This is achieved through the diverse range of services we offer, from basic crowd control and asset protection, through to our Emergency Response and Emergency Management Teams. We also have a highly skilled Asset Protection Unit who are qualified to operate and carry out Trace Detection.

http://www.amlriskmanagement.com.au

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – Meridian Crash Barriers

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When a requirement arises for Temporary Crash Barriers, the Meridian Crash Barrier systems provide a sensible, efficient, portable mechanism to prevent hostile vehicle intrusions.

The Meridian system has been developed in the USA and used successfully in war-zones such as Afghanistan (Khandahar Airport), Oil and Fuel Refineries, Ports and other locations. It has been tested and confirmed to stop vehicles dead in their tracks travelling at 50km/h.

Here is the final excerpt from the Federal Government’s recommendations on Hostile Vehicle Mitigation – Temporary Barriers. This is precisely when the Meridian system as supplied by AML Risk Management comes into its own.

Re-deployable devices

Re-deployable devices are vehicle security barriers that are kept in storage and can be utilised when there is an increase in the level of threat to a specific location or crowded places generally. These devices are designed solely as protection measures and are generally not customisable.

Meridian Rapid Defense Group           Anti-Vehicle Barriers

There are two significant drawbacks associated with re-deployable HVM devices. The primary disadvantage is the fact that they are intelligence-driven, meaning that they are only effective if the site owner is aware of the threat: they cannot mitigate against a ‘no notice’ attack. A second disadvantage is their utilitarian appearance and consequent inability to respond to the aesthetic requirements of the surrounding environment, although their appearance is less of a concern if they are only operational for short periods of time, as is usually the case.

These drawbacks illustrate the importance of ensuring that permanent fixtures form part of a HVM strategy.

Rapid vehicle deployment barrier

  • Temporary installation
  • No assembly tools required
  • Set up in less than 10 minutes
  • As with permanent barriers, re-deployable barriers should be treated and rated against a recognised standard to resist the impact of the threat vehicle.

Portable barrier-in-a-box

  • Impact tested: 7.5 tonne at 48km/h
  • Temporary or permanent installation
  • Set up in 7 minutes
  • As this barrier is installed to bollards, the distance between them and their impact rating should meet the manufacturer’s specifications

Rapid deployable surface mount

  • Impact tested: 7.5 tonne at 48km/h
  • Short to mid-term installation
  • Deployed at a rate of 1 bollard every 5 minutes

Re-deployable road safety barriers

Road safety barriers such as concrete, steel and plastic water filled jersey barriers are designed to deflect vehicles from leaving the roadway or trafficable lane. These barriers are generally surface mounted and suitable for use as re-deployable traffic calming devices.

Caution must be taken not to use jersey barriers outside of their design specifications.

Improvised vehicle barriers

Vehicles have and continue to be used as improvised vehicle barriers around the world. This type of barrier is an attractive option due to its portability to close accessible gaps on roadways or paths that could be exploited by hostile vehicle attack, or to act as a gate to regulate authorised vehicle entry into a protected zone.

If using vehicles to form part of a barrier system, a comprehensive vehicle dynamics assessment must be conducted to determine suitability. The assessment must consider the size, weight and placement of the barrier vehicle relative to the size, weight and speed of the foreseeable threat (attack vehicle).

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2.02 Every Metre Counts

Achieving a factor of safety

Where possible, barring vehicular access entirely – thus automatically removing threats to the site – is preferable to more elaborate vehicle management designs. This option can also have added operational benefits and reduced risk of accidents or misuse.

In selecting this method, however, consideration should be given to routine and emergency servicing requirements of the asset, as well as surrounding traffic and transport imperatives. The exclusion of traffic from a wide area may increase traffic volumes and congestion in the surrounding local transport network, thus creating a need for wider traffic management plans.

It is important to design barrier systems, both permanent and temporary that clearly define vehicle and pedestrian spaces. Street furniture in accordance with international standards can be used as mitigation, however they should be supplemented with additional traffic calming measures.

Permanent and temporary barrier systems that are not supported with these additional measures as depicted in the photograph(s) only serve to increase the risk to pedestrians in or on the barriers in the event of a vehicle impact.

With all surface mounted barriers, your assessment must also include the predicted penetration distance the barrier and attack vehicle will travel post impact. This distance will inform the factor of safety that is required (space between the barrier line and crowds).

2.03 Vehicle Approaches and Traffic Management Options

Impact angle is measured between the direction of travel of the vehicle and the impact location (between 0-90 degrees).

Owners and operators should consider a variety of traffic management options, including different forms of vehicle approaches.

Even a small reduction in the velocity of a hostile vehicle will have a significant decrease in the amount of energy that vehicle is carrying, thus reducing its impact and permitting less intrusive HVM devices, which may reduce costs.

High speed = high impact = catastrophic result.

A small decrease in speed = a large decrease in energy = reduced impact = less intrusive barriers and possible reduced cost.

There are a variety of traffic management options to help reduce vehicle speed.

Most severe – Head on impact

This impact mode is usually the most severe. The vehicle is fully engaged and the resultant momentum generated by the mass and speed of the vehicle is directed towards the point of impact.

Less severe – Angled impact

This impact mode is less severe than a head-on approach. The angle typically leads to speed loss by redirection of the vehicle.

Least severe – ‘In-turn’ impact

This mode is the least severe.

Lateral acceleration forces inhibit the capability of a vehicle to maintain or increase speed during a turn in.

Longitudinal deflections

Horizontal deflections, such as bends or chicanes, are often employed in urban or residential areas to encourage drivers to slow down. Drivers reduce vehicle speed in order to maintain ride comfort while making the required direction change; this, in turn, results in improved road user safety.

Longitudinal deflections can also be used to limit the maximum speed of a vehicle operated by a determined driver.

Well-designed temporary chicanes can help to slow vehicles in the lead up to a special event area.

Remember: always use barriers within their design specification.

Vertical deflections

Vertical deflections such as road humps, speed cushions and rumble strips are often employed as a visual deterrent and to disrupt ride comfort, encouraging road users to reduce speed. These,
however, typically provide negligible deterrent or speed reduction against a determined hostile vehicle attack.

Inclines

Gradient will affect the ability of a hostile vehicle to maintain speed or accelerate toward an asset, especially for larger, heavier vehicles. Steep inclines may also be used to restrict the line of sight along a potential attack route, thus introducing an element of uncertainty to the attacker.

Use of inclines will require a large amount of physical space so may not be an option unless there is natural incline available in the surrounding topography.

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Conclusion

Smart design

The nature and use of hostile vehicles has evolved in recent years with terrorism and criminal activity, so too has our understanding and response. This evolution is reflected in the design
and implementation of new and innovative physical protective security measures that help prevent and reduce the consequences of an attack.

No longer must we equate effective physical protective security with cold, sterile measures of austerity. Creative innovation is paving the way for seamlessly integrated protection measures that complement and enhance current needs and desires within public and private spaces.

Equally, common sense needs to be applied to the installation of HVM measures by clearly identifying and prioritising the areas that need protection, rather than areas where it is ordinarily
impossible for vehicles to gain access.

It is important not to over-engineer HVM.

Innovative approach = optimised integration By recognising and acknowledging risks during the design stages of a building or public space, it is possible to achieve an optimal, holistic approach to safety through security. This is also the most cost-effective time to implement physical security measures. The MacLeamy Curve below outlines the importance of early considerations.

Where to go next

Not all of the options provided in this document will be applicable or achievable at all sites. A specific and unique site assessment will need to be conducted to establish the most suitable device for each site even if an owner/ operator has multiple similar assets. The surrounding environment will not be the same in each instance and these differences, no matter how subtle, will impact on the nature of the HVM solutions required.

Source: nationalsecurity.gov.au

Call now on 03 9326 2244 or leave your contact details here  for a free, no obligation consultation on providing real protection for your next street event, sporting event or outdoor program.

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#HostileVehicleMitigation

 

Terror – The Prospect is Real – Preparation, Planning and Protection

In today’s papers there is a report on the latest potential terrorist threat to a major event in Melbourne.

A young man, Mr Ali Khalif Shire Ali, who’s family originally migrated here from Somalia, was born here in Australia. According to Federal Police, his radicalisation happened here over the last few years.

Man arrested over alleged Melbourne New Year’s Eve terror plot fronts court

ARMED Protective Services Officers will be deployed at Victoria’s shopping malls, supermarkets and at festivals in a bid to foil terrorist attacks.

The Herald Sun can exclusively reveal the Andrews Government will pay for new PSOs, on top of the 1319 now patrolling railway stations, to protect places where large numbers of people gather.

The move came as it emerged that a man accused of plotting a New Year’s Eve bloodbath in Federation Square had claimed that the nation’s spy agency, ASIO, approached him two years ago to inform on Islamic extremists.

Ali Khalif Shire Ali, 20, known to his friends as Ali Shire, faced Melbourne Magistrates’ Court yesterday charged with preparing to commit a terrorist attack and collecting documents to facilitate a terrorist act.

Victoria Police, the Australian Federal Police and ASIO, who tracked Mr Shire for much of the past year, say they discovered he planned to shoot “as many people as he could” in a CBD attack.

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Magistrate Simon Zebrowski remanded Mr Shire to appear back in court on March 13.

According to charge sheets, Mr Shire “did an act in preparation for, or planning a terrorist act” between March 31 and April 6 this year.

It is also alleged that on or about June 27, he intentionally collected a document “that was connected with the preparation for, or assistance in a terrorist attack”.

Heavily armed members of the Special Operations Group arrested Mr Shire about 3pm on Monday, in front of shocked locals in central Werribee.

Speaking before Mr Shire faced court, Deputy Commissioner Shane Patton said: “This is a person who expressed an intention to try and kill as many people as he could through shooting them in Federation Square area on New Year’s Eve. It is a tremendous concern to us that (during) the festive season, when people are out enjoying themselves, there is a potential plot to commit a terrorist act.”

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Police allege Mr Shire tried to obtain an automatic rifle. But Mr Patton said he never managed to get hold of a gun.

“In respect to the documents that he accessed, he’s accessed documents produced by al-Qaeda Arabian Peninsula, which is a guide book in respect to how to commit a terrorist (act and) … and also how to use firearms, guns and handguns and rifles,” Mr Patton said.

The new PSOs, who will also patrol sporting and entertainment complexes, are intended to deter terrorists by their presence and to be on hand to respond first to any terrorist attack.

Senior police and Premier Daniel Andrews said there was no continuing threat, and people should not be afraid to attend celebrations for Christmas and for New Year’s Eve.

Mr Patton said Mr Shire, who was born in Australia to Somali parents, had lived in Victoria all his life.

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A “high level” person of interest he had been monitored since the start of the year, he said.

The Herald Sun can reveal Mr Shire is well connected in extremist communities in both Melbourne and Sydney, and in 2015 claimed ASIO spies tried to recruit him as an informant.

It is alleged his extremist behaviour gradually escalated.

Mr Shire is said to regularly have attended prayers with his family at Virgin Mary mosque in Werribee.

Worshippers there described the family as decent, and said they had noticed nothing suspicious about his behaviour.

Boss Warsame Hassan said Mr Shire had been working at his Footscray computer business part-time for about three months to learn new skills, and had shown no signs of radicalisation or worrying behaviour. “If I had (noticed any) I would have told the police,” he said.

Witnesses told the Herald Sun police arrived about 2.30pm on Monday and searched the premises for about five hours.

7

About 3pm the terror suspect was arrested in front of shocked locals in central Werribee.

Witness Jessica Karasmanis told the Herald Sun she was parked at the traffic lights when she saw the drama unfold.

She said there were at least five men in heavy armour clothing and another five undercover cops.

8

“They had him on the ground and they had his hands tied behind his back,” she said.

“They then stood him up and sat him next to a building.”

Ms Karasmanis said she showed her partner the photos when she got home and he made a comment that it may have been a terror arrest.

“I said, ‘no, not in Werribee’ and then I saw the news this morning,” she said.

Nearby workers said police ordered them to stay inside their businesses during the arrest.

“They told me to get back inside,” said a massage parlour worker.

Mr Shire is understood to have lived with his parents and brothers.

Mr Andrews said: “I’m very confident that Victorians can be confident that our police force and their partners are doing everything possible to keep us safe.

“This is yet another example of the fine and outstanding work Victoria Police do every day in so many different, challenging circumstances to keep us safe. It’s again an opportunity for us to extend our gratitude to the Australian Federal Police and our other national security partners.”

– Cassie Zervos, Rebekah Cavanagh and Andrea Hamblin

9

Fans facing sport clampdown

FANS attending the Boxing Day Test and the Australian Open should expect electronic scans and bag searches as security is beefed up for Melbourne’s summer of sport.

Following yesterday’s anti-terrorism raids, spectators were urged not to be deterred from attending major sports events.

But they were advised to remain vigilant, and to allow more time to get to their seats inside stadiums.

Anti-terrorism measures such as bollards will be installed outside venues, 24- hour CCTV surveillance will be set up, and metal detector, bag and car searches will be carried out.

A sellout crowd of up to 100,000 is expected on day one of the Test, and Cricket Australia spokesman Tim Whittaker said the safety of fans, players and officials was the top priority.

“We are in regular contact with the relevant authorities to ensure we have the appropriate level of security at matches held around the country,’’ Mr Whittaker said.

“We encourage fans to arrive early to the Boxing Day Test to undergo regular security checks, including wanding and bag inspections.’’

10

Victoria Police Commander Russell Barrett said there were “no known or specific threats’’ to people, organisations, infrastructure or events, and the public should “go about their daily business’’.

“For the Boxing Day Test, as with all major events, Victoria Police works closely with its partners including venue and event organisers to assess risks and develop plans to maximise patron safety,’’ he said.

“Victoria Police will have a highly visible presence inside and outside the MCG and the public can expect to see police at public transport hubs and along the routes to the stadium,” he said.

Melbourne Cricket Club spokesman Shane Brown confirmed water-filled barriers would be used during the cricket season to separate fans from vehicles.

But restrictions on entering the ground with anything but clear bags, and the installation of airport-style, walk-through weapon scanners, would not be in place at the MCG by the time of the Test.

“With four weeks to go until the Boxing Day Test, we are in regular contact with police and intelligence authorities to ensure we have the latest advice with respect to security matters,’’ Mr Brown said.

“At this stage, cricket fans can expect to see similar security procedures this summer as they have for recent MCG events, including bag checks and wanding.”

Tennis Australia spokeswoman Prue Ryan said:

“We work closely with all the relevant authorities, including security experts and law enforcement agencies, to ensure we have the very best procedures in place.’’

Source: heraldsun.com.au

The reality is that good intelligence work by the Australian Federal Police identified the young man before any harm was done. From the moment he set out to purchase an automatic weapon illegally his potential plan was doomed.

It is of very real importance that those Government agencies charged with providing the public with protection from such menace are equipped and trained to provide that protection.

At AML Risk Management, our trained APUs (Asset Protection Units) are drawn from former Armed Services Personnel, ex Police officers, Paramedics and Fire Brigade personnel. Personnel have also worked with high level Corporate Security Companies.

The AML APU teams are equipped with Explosive Detection Devices, Screening Devices such as Evolv and the Meridian Crash Barrier System to ensure against Vehicular Assault and Attack.

For further information on the services provided by AML, please provide your details on our contact form or call 03 9326 2244 right now to arrange an obligation free assessment of your business, facilities or proposed event.

Remember real protection requires planning and proper prevention methodologies and equipment.

AML Risk Management – for real protection

AML Introduces Meridian Group’s Anti Vehicle Barriers

AML Risk Management offer the Meridian Rapid Defence Group’s Anti Vehicle Barriers in Melbourne, Greater Victoria and elsewhere on demand.Please find a further description of the units and their capabilities here. Take the time to read the entire article to fully understand the application of Vehicle Barriers, their ease of use and the portability of the Meridian range.

Meridian Rapid Defence Group Anti Vehicle Barriers

Meridian Rapid Defence Group – Archer 1200 Barriers

Meridian Rapid Defence Group have developed the first portable barriers to successfully stop a vehicle traveling at 48km per hour, with a total weight of 1.5 tonne.
In July 2017 the Archer 1200 Anti-Vehicle Barrier successfully passed and was certified by the standards of the European Publicly Available Specifications security standard. Standards held by the U.S Department of Defence and Department of Homeland Security guidelines have been met by the Archer 1200 Barriers. As a part of meeting these guidelines the Archer 1200 was able to bring a high risk vehicle to a complete stop, in less than just 10 feet.

These barriers are designed to protect high traffic and/or pedestrian areas, from vehicles which may be considered dangerous. This is achieved by the barriers ability to harden a perimeter. The barriers are also able to be re-deployed in the event of changing conditions or changing threat levels.

Meridian Rapid Defense Group           Anti-Vehicle Barriers

Meridian Rapid Defence Group Archer 1200 Anti-Vehicle Barriers

One of the most appealing features of the Archer 1200 Anti-Vehicle barrier is its ability to be moved and installed with ease. The task can be completed by just 1-2 people and can be accomplished within a few short minutes. This feature is of high importance, as it allows areas to be blocked off and re-opened in the event that an emergency vehicle requires access.

Movement and installation is completed by attaching an Archer towbar to the portable barrier. No other tools or materials are necessary during any movement of the barriers.
Included below is a link to a guided demonstration of the barrier installation, completed by Meridian Rapid Defence Group.

Other valued features include:

  • Portable
  • Electricity free
  • Hydraulic free
  • Do not require maintenance
  • Reusable after impact
  • Non-lethal
  • Able to be deployed by 1 person
  • Harden Perimeter
  • Heavy duty material
  • Ballistics tested

Why choose Archer Anti-Vehicle Barriers?

Meridian Rapid Defence group have carefully developed and tested their products to deliver high quality. The Archer 1200 Barriers have a proven ability to stop high risk vehicles, and have also been ballistics tested to .50 calibre ball rounds.
At AML Risk Management, we are more than just a Security provider. The team at AML will strive to complete any task at a high standard. Our goal is to provide the safest environment achievable through liaising with the client and evaluating safety concerns specific to the event or location. We stand for the safety and quality of service delivered to the client, while maintaining an adaptable approach to security needs. We believe that through the use of Meridian Rapid Defence group’s high quality products, we are able to implement security measures that cater for modern day threats to public safety.

The use of the anti-vehicle barriers will drastically increase public safety at any event or location. Archer barriers have been used to harden the perimeter of Mardi Gras in New Orleans. Meridian Rapid Defence Group was also able to cater for the 55th Annual Grammy Awards by deploying Archer Barriers, as the risk of a security threat was heightened due to rogue police officer Christopher Dorner.

Meridian Rapid Defense Group           Anti-Vehicle Barriers

Meridian Rapid Defense Group Archer 1200 Anti-Vehicle Barriers

Meridian Rapid Defence Group Barrier Kits

Barrier Kits are a great example of how to utilise the barriers and how they are adaptable to a variety of circumstances. They maintain the ability to secure a premises to suit the needs of the client and the safety of all affiliated with the location or event. The kits demonstrate the ability to prevent all access, or partial access to and from a premises. Along with adapting to the needs of the client, barriers can be used in different ways to accommodate an increased need for security. Such as if an event or location is considered to be at an elevated risk level, or even if the threat level is considered imminent. While used alongside traffic cones, barriers may also be deployed to simply slow vehicle traffic passing through designated areas. The following kits have been constructed by Meridian Rapid Defence group as a guideline to the use of Archer 1200 Anti-Vehicle Barriers.

Conventions for Barricade Strength

threat levels

Meridian utilises the National Terrorism Advisory System as a universally relevant lexicon for describing the specific security needs for a given location. Within an overall property, there may be areas of lower or higher risk due to surrounding physical structures, existing security, ambient traffic flow or target value to terrorists.

For areas of Elevated risk, barriers may be configured more for deterrence than vehicle stoppage, whereas areas of Imminent risk would warrant maximum protection designed to decrease or completely eliminate vehicle penetration. Generally Meridian Barriers should be employed in all areas of Elevated, Intermediate or Imminent Risk. As a critical point of difference from fixed solutions, the modular nature of the Meridian barriers allows a property to respond to changes in overall threat levels.

Lane Merger

lane merger

Soft technologies such as rubber cones and flares are often used to guide traffic in a direction or to gradually close off a lane. While effective in communicating the desired action, they are completely ineffective in true vehicle mitigation (zero stopping power).

Meridian Barriers are used in conjunction with cones to guide traffic as well as prevent a breach or by-pass of lane closure.

Single Lane Closure

single lane closure

Meridian Barriers are ideally suited for preventing vehicle breach at narrow high-threat areas such as gates, driveways or single/double lane roadways.

In these formations, vehicle entry is completely prevented and areas with large, fast-approaching encroachments.

Two Lane Closure

two lane closure

Meridian Barriers can be laced across more than one lane while still allowing fast and easy movement for pedestrians or emergency vehicles.

Span Protection

span protection

The interface between roadways and unprotected promenades, outdoor malls or parkways leaves pedestrians particularly vulnerable. Meridian Barriers are a drag and drop portable solution, which can be placed across large passageways to serve as highly effective, temporary bollards.

Other Products

Other products developed by the Meridian Rapid Defence Group include the Archer beam gate. This product is available upon request.
To view products created by Meridian Rapid Defence Group please visit http://www.betterbarriers.com/products/.

Our Services

AML Risk Management is a licenced and experienced Security Firm which operates at an industry leading standard. Our experienced team of trained professionals strive to complete every task to the satisfaction of the client. Part of our goal is to maintain the flexibility to cater for the unique security needs of any event at any capacity. This is achieved through the diverse range of services we offer, from basic crowd control and asset protection, through to our Emergency Response and Emergency Management Teams. We also have a highly skilled Asset Protection Unit who are qualified to operate and carry out Trace Detection.

We believe that the use of Meridian Rapid Defense Group Barriers within our company has increased our ability to maintain high standards of security.

AML Risk Management has the ability to provide, install and manage the use of barriers for any event. Barriers are also available for outright purchase with the tools and training to self-manage deployment.

Upon request, AML Risk Management is also able to provide a detailed evaluation of the site or event looking to install Meridian Rapid Defense Group barriers.

Enquiries

For all enquiries regarding our services, or to request a consultation, please leave your details here on our website or call now on 03 9326 2244

Preparation, Prevention, Protection – The AML Way